Structure and stability of the P93G variant of ribonuclease A.


The peptide bonds preceding Pro 93 and Pro 114 of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase A) are in the cis conformation. The trans-to-cis isomerization of these bonds had been indicted as the slow step during protein folding. Here, site-directed mutagenesis was used to replace Pro 93 or Pro 114 with a glycine residue, and the crystalline structure of the P93G variant was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis to a resolution of 1.7 A. This structure is essentially identical to that of the wild-type protein, except for the 91-94 beta-turn containing the substitution. In the wild-type protein, the beta-turn is of type VIa. In the P93G variant, this turn is of type II with the peptide bond preceding Gly 93 being trans. The thermal stabilities of the P93G and P114G variants were assessed by differential scanning calorimetry and thermal denaturation experiments monitored by ultraviolet spectroscopy. The value of delta deltaGm which reports on the stability lost in the variants, is 1.5-fold greater for the P114G variant than for the P93G variant. The greater stability of the P93G variant is likely due to the relatively facile accommodation of residues 91-94 in a type II turn, which has a preference for a glycine residue in its i + 2 position. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3220, 3221, 3222, 3223, 3224, 3225, 14158, 14159, 14160, 14161 Extra Details: beta-turn; cis proline; endonuclease; protein stability;,ribonuclease A; X-ray crystallography

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:21 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Schultz LW;Hargraves SR;Klink TA;Raines RT,Protein Sci. (1998) Structure and stability of the P93G variant of ribonuclease A. PMID:9684895
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE