Incorporation of tryptophan analogues into staphylococcal nuclease: stability toward thermal and guanidine-HCl induced unfolding.


Abstract

The tryptophan analogues, 5-hydroxytryptophan, 7-azatryptophan, 4-fluorotryptophan, 5-fluorotryptophan, and 6-fluorotryptophan, have been biosynthetically incorporated into Staphylococcal nuclease, its V66W mutant, and the Delta 137-149 fragment of the latter mutant. The guanidine-HCl induced unfolding and thermal unfolding of these proteins were studied to characterize the effect of incorporation of these tryptophan analogues on the thermodynamic stability of the proteins. The three proteins have tryptophan residues at positions 140 (in wild type) and 66 (in the Delta 137-149 fragment of V66W) and at both positions (in V66W). The unfolding data show that 5-hydroxytryptophan does not perturb the stability of wild-type nuclease, but it destabilizes the fragment and causes the V66W mutant to unfold in a more cooperative manner. 7-Azatryptophan is found to destabilize all three proteins. 4-Fluorotryptophan is slightly stabilizing of the three proteins, but the other two fluorotryptophans do not alter the stability of the proteins. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9479, 9480, 9481 Extra Details: tryptophan analogues; thermodynamic stability; cooperative

Submission Details

ID: JPgQz8kY3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:38 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Wong CY;Eftink MR,Biochemistry (1998) Incorporation of tryptophan analogues into staphylococcal nuclease: stability toward thermal and guanidine-HCl induced unfolding. PMID:9636036
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU