Elucidation of information encoded in tryptophan 140 of staphylococcal nuclease.


We investigated the role of W140 in the folding of Staphylococcal nuclease. For this purpose, we constructed the 19 possible substitution mutations at residue 140. Only three mutants, W140F, W140H, and W140Y, adopted native-like structures under physiological conditions and showed native-like enzymatic activities. In contrast, the other 16 mutants took on compact unfolded structures under physiological conditions and the enzymatic activities of these mutants were decreased to approximately 70% of wild-type levels. These 16 mutants maintained substrate-induced foldability. These results strongly indicate that the side-chain information encoded by residue 140 is essential to maintain a stable native structure, and that this residue must be an aromatic side chain. The order of thermal stability was wild type > W140H > W140F = W140Y. Therefore, the five-membered nitrogen-containing ring of the indole is thought to bear the essential information. In the crystal structure of staphylococcal nuclease, the five-membered ring is at the local center of the C-terminal cluster through hydrophobic interactions. This cluster plays a key role in the interaction connecting the C-terminal region and the N-terminal beta-core. Mutants other than W140H, W140F, and W140Y lost the ability to form the local core, which caused the loss of the long-range interactions between the C-terminal and N-terminal regions. Inhibitor or substrate binding to these mutants compensates for the lack of long-range interactions generated by W140. Study holds ProTherm entries: 18695, 18696, 18697, 18698 Extra Details: protein folding; substitution mutant; sequence-structure relationship;,structure-function relationship; X-ray solution scattering; circular dichroism; hydrolysis of DNA

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:50 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Hirano S;Kamikubo H;Yamazaki Y;Kataoka M,Proteins (2005) Elucidation of information encoded in tryptophan 140 of staphylococcal nuclease. PMID:15573380
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR