The amino groups of hen egg white lysozyme were reductively alkylated by the reaction with aliphatic aldehydes of various chain lengths and with two aldehydes of different steric hindrance at pH 7.5 and 4 degrees for 3 h. About four of the original six lysine residues were modified by the reaction with acetaldehyde, n-butylaldehyde or n-hexylaldehyde. About three lysine residues were 2,2-dimethylpropylated with trimethylacetaldehyde while a single residue was modified with benzaldehyde. The thermal stabilities of these alkylated lysozymes were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at different acidic pH values. Alkylation thermally destabilized the proteins, depending not only on the extent of modification but also on the size of the substituent. The alkylated derivatives were 8-19 kJ/mol less stable than native lysozyme at 25 degrees and pH 3.0. The temperature dependences of the activities of the alkylated lysozymes against ethylene glycol chitin indicated that the orders of the optimum temperatures and the maximum activities were exactly the same as the order of the thermal stabilities. Study holds ProTherm entries: 12340, 12341 Extra Details: alkylation; chemical modification; denaturation; DSC; lysozyme; thermal stability
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
|Number of data points||4|
|Proteins||Lysozyme C ; Lysozyme C|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG ; Experimental Assay: dCp ; Experimental Assay: dHcal ; Experimental Assay: Tm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence KVFGRCELAAAMKRHGLDNYRGYSLGNWVCAAKFESNFNTQATNRNTDGSTDYGILQINSRWWCNDGRTPGSRNLCNIPCSALLSSDITASVNCAKKIVSDGNGMNAWVAWRNRCKGTDVQAWIRGCRL|