Specifically collapsed intermediate in the early stage of the folding of ribonuclease A.


Nature of the burst-phase signals of protein folding has been the subject of much debate as to whether the signals represent the formation of early intermediates or the non-specific collapse of unfolded polypeptides. To distinguish the two possibilities, the submillisecond folding dynamics of ribonuclease A (RNase A) was examined, and compared with those of the disulfide bond-ruptured analog of RNase A (r-RNase A). The circular dichroism measurements on RNase A showed the burst-phase signal within 320 micros after the initiation of the folding reaction, which was identical to that observed for r-RNase A. In contrast, the burst phase increase in the extrinsic fluorescence from 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonate (ANS) was observed for RNase A but not for r-RNase A. The kinetic titration experiment of the ANS fluorescence intensity showed the presence of a specific binding site for ANS in the fast-refolding component of RNase A. The small-angle X-ray scattering measurements at approximately 22 ms after initiating the folding reaction demonstrated that the burst phase conformations of the medium and slow-refolding components of RNase A were distinctly smaller than that of r-RNase A. These results indicated the difference in the burst phase conformations of RNase A and r-RNase A. Since r-RNase A is denatured in the physiological solution condition, the burst-phase signal of RNase A was interpreted as the formation of the folding intermediate with specific conformations. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19216, 19217, 19218, 19219 Extra Details: protein folding; burst phase intermediate; collapse; ribonuclease A; ANS fluorescence

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:51 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kimura T;Akiyama S;Uzawa T;Ishimori K;Morishima I;Fujisawa T;Takahashi S,J. Mol. Biol. (2005) Specifically collapsed intermediate in the early stage of the folding of ribonuclease A. PMID:15935376
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE