Increasing protein stability by altering long-range coulombic interactions.


Abstract

It is difficult to increase protein stability by adding hydrogen bonds or burying nonpolar surface. The results described here show that reversing the charge on a side chain on the surface of a protein is a useful way of increasing stability. Ribonuclease T1 is an acidic protein with a pI approximately 3.5 and a net charge of approximately -6 at pH 7. The side chain of Asp49 is hyperexposed, not hydrogen bonded, and 8 A from the nearest charged group. The stability of Asp49Ala is 0.5 kcal/mol greater than wild-type at pH 7 and 0.4 kcal/mol less at pH 2.5. The stability of Asp49His is 1.1 kcal/mol greater than wild-type at pH 6, where the histidine 49 side chain (pKa = 7.2) is positively charged. Similar results were obtained with ribonuclease Sa where Asp25Lys is 0.9 kcal/mol and Glu74Lys is 1.1 kcal/mol more stable than the wild-type enzyme. These results suggest that protein stability can be increased by improving the coulombic interactions among charged groups on the protein surface. In addition, the stability of RNase T1 decreases as more hydrophobic aromatic residues are substituted for Ala49, indicating a reverse hydrophobic effect. Study holds ProTherm entries: 6820, 6821, 6822, 6823, 6824, 6825, 6826, 14370, 14371 Extra Details:

Submission Details

ID: H4BCFTNU

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:32 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Grimsley GR;Shaw KL;Fee LR;Alston RW;Huyghues-Despointes BM;Thurlkill RL;Scholtz JM;Pace CN,Protein Sci. (1999) Increasing protein stability by altering long-range coulombic interactions. PMID:10493585
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1YGW 1997-10-08 NMR STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE T1, 34 STRUCTURES
1IYY 2003-10-07 NMR STRUCTURE OF Gln25-RIBONUCLEASE T1, 24 STRUCTURES
1C54 2001-11-28 SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE SA
1T2H 2004-12-21 1.0 Y81W mutant of RNase Sa from Streptomyces aureofaciens
1LNI 2002-07-31 1.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF A RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS AT ATOMIC RESOLUTION (1.0 A)
1T2I 2004-12-21 1.1 T76W mutant of RNase Sa from Streptomyces aureofaciens
4GHO 2013-08-14 1.1 Crystal Structure Analysis of Streptomyces aureofaciens Ribonuclease S24A mutant
1ZGX 2006-08-08 1.13 Crystal structure of ribonuclease mutant
1RGE 1996-10-14 1.15 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1RGG 1996-10-14 1.2 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1YNV 2005-07-19 1.2 Asp79 makes a large, unfavorable contribution to the stability of RNase Sa
1RGH 1996-10-14 1.2 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1RGF 1996-10-14 1.2 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1I0V 2001-02-14 1.23 Ribonuclease T1 in complex with 2'GMP (form I crystal)
4J5K 2014-05-28 1.23 Crystal structure analysis of Streptomyces aureofaciens ribonuclease Sa Y51F mutant
1I8V 2001-09-19 1.25 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RNASE SA Y80F MUTANT
4J5G 2014-05-28 1.31 Crystal structure analysis of Streptomyces aureofaciens ribonuclease Sa T95A mutant
4ODK 2015-01-14 1.4 Structure of SlyD from Thermus thermophilus in complex with T1 peptide
9RNT 1993-01-15 1.5 RIBONUCLEASE T1 WITH FREE RECOGNITION AND CATALYTIC SITE: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1LOY 2002-08-21 1.55 X-ray structure of the H40A/E58A mutant of Ribonuclease T1 complexed with 3'-guanosine monophosphate
1LOV 2002-08-21 1.55 X-ray structure of the E58A mutant of Ribonuclease T1 complexed with 3'-guanosine monophosphate
3A5E 2010-08-04 1.6 Crystal structure of 5K RNase Sa
1BOX 1999-12-29 1.6 N39S MUTANT OF RNASE SA FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS
1I0X 2001-02-14 1.65 RIBONUCLEASE T1 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP (FORM II CRYSTAL)
4GSP 1998-08-12 1.65 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS + 3'-GMP, 7 DAYS
1HYF 2001-02-14 1.7 RIBONUCLEASE T1 V16A MUTANT IN COMPLEX WITH SR2+
1I70 2001-09-19 1.7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RNASE SA Y86F MUTANT
1Q9E 2004-03-23 1.7 RNase T1 variant with adenine specificity
1AY7 1999-03-02 1.7 RIBONUCLEASE SA COMPLEX WITH BARSTAR
1GMP 1993-10-31 1.7 COMPLEX OF RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS WITH 2'-GMP AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
4BIR 1998-07-15 1.7 RIBONUCLEASE T1: FREE HIS92GLN MUTANT
1RGA 1993-10-31 1.7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RNASE T1 WITH 3'-GMP AND GUANOSINE: A PRODUCT COMPLEX
1I3I 2001-03-07 1.76 Ribonuclease T1 V78T mutant
1GMR 1993-10-31 1.77 COMPLEX OF RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS WITH 2'-GMP AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
3BU4 1998-09-23 1.77 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
5BU4 1998-09-23 1.77 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1GMQ 1993-10-31 1.8 COMPLEX OF RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS WITH 2'-GMP AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1UCI 2003-09-09 1.8 Mutants of RNase Sa
8RNT 1993-01-15 1.8 STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH ZINC(II) AT 1.8 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION: A ZN2+.6H2O.CARBOXYLATE CLATHRATE
1FZU 2000-10-25 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1BIR 1996-08-17 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1UCK 2003-09-09 1.8 Mutants of RNase Sa
2RNT 1989-10-15 1.8 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH GUANYLYL-2(PRIME),5(PRIME)-GUANOSINE AT 1.8 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1RN4 1993-01-15 1.8 HIS92ALA MUTATION IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 INDUCES SEGMENTAL FLEXIBILITY. AN X-RAY STUDY
1SAR 1992-04-15 1.8 DETERMINATION AND RESTRAINED LEAST-SQUARES REFINEMENT OF THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RIBONUCLEASE SA AND ITS COMPLEX WITH 3'-GUANYLIC ACID AT 1.8 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
5GSP 1998-03-18 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1/3'-GMP, 9 WEEKS
3RNT 1989-10-15 1.8 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF GUANOSINE-FREE RIBONUCLEASE T1, COMPLEXED WITH VANADATE(V), SUGGESTS CONFORMATIONAL CHANGE UPON SUBSTRATE BINDING
1I2E 2001-03-07 1.8 Ribonuclease T1 V16A mutant, form I
2GSP 1998-08-12 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1/2',3'-CGPS AND 3'-GMP, 2 DAYS
1DET 1996-07-11 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
2SAR 1992-04-15 1.8 DETERMINATION AND RESTRAINED LEAST-SQUARES REFINEMENT OF THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RIBONUCLEASE SA AND ITS COMPLEX WITH 3'-GUANYLIC ACID AT 1.8 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
2AAE 1994-01-31 1.8 THE ROLE OF HISTIDINE-40 IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 CATALYSIS: THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES OF THE PARTIALLY ACTIVE HIS40LYS MUTANT
3BIR 1997-12-31 1.8 DISECTING HISTIDINE INTERACTIONS IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 BY ASN AND GLN SUBSTITUTIONS
6RNT 1993-01-15 1.8 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH ADENOSINE 2'-MONOPHOSPHATE AT 1.8-ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1HZ1 2001-01-31 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 V16A MUTANT IN COMPLEX WITH MG2+
4BU4 1998-09-23 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1UCJ 2003-09-09 1.81 Mutants of RNase Sa
1UCL 2003-09-09 1.82 Mutants of RNase Sa
1RN1 1994-01-31 1.84 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF GLN 25-RIBONUCLEASE T1 AT 1.84 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION: STRUCTURAL VARIATIONS AT THE BASE RECOGNITION AND CATALYTIC SITES
1I2G 2001-03-07 1.85 Ribonuclease T1 V16T mutant
1G02 2000-10-25 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1RGK 1993-01-15 1.87 RNASE T1 MUTANT GLU46GLN BINDS THE INHIBITORS 2'GMP AND 2'AMP AT THE 3' SUBSITE
1LOW 2002-08-21 1.9 X-ray structure of the H40A mutant of Ribonuclease T1 complexed with 3'-guanosine monophosphate
1BU4 1999-02-16 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1LRA 1994-01-31 1.9 CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDY OF GLU 58 ALA RNASE T1(ASTERISK)2'-GUANOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE AT 1.9 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1BVI 1998-09-23 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1RNT 1987-10-16 1.9 RESTRAINED LEAST-SQUARES REFINEMENT OF THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE RIBONUCLEASE T1(ASTERISK)2(PRIME)-GUANYLIC ACID COMPLEX AT 1.9 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
7RNT 1993-01-15 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE TYR45TRP MUTANT OF RIBONUCLEASE T1 IN A COMPLEX WITH 2'-ADENYLIC ACID
3GSP 1998-08-12 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS + 3'-GMP, 4 DAYS
1RLS 1994-12-20 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RNASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH THE PRODUCT NUCLEOTIDE 3'-GMP. STRUCTURAL EVIDENCE FOR DIRECT INTERACTION OF HISTIDINE 40 AND GLUTAMIC ACID 58 WITH THE 2'-HYDROXYL GROUP OF RIBOSE
2HOH 1998-09-23 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (N9A MUTANT) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1I2F 2001-03-07 1.95 Ribonuclease T1 V16A mutant, form II
3HOH 1998-09-16 1.95 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (THR93GLN MUTANT) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1RHL 1998-10-14 1.95 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP/G23A MUTANT
3SYU 2012-03-28 1.95 Re-refined coordinates for pdb entry 1det - ribonuclease T1 carboxymethylated at GLU 58 in complex with 2'GMP
2BU4 1998-09-23 1.95 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
5BIR 1997-12-31 2.0 DISECTING HISTIDINE INTERACTIONS IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 USING ASN AND GLN MUTATIONS
5HOH 1998-09-23 2.0 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (ASN9ALA/THR93ALA DOUBLEMUTANT) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
2AAD 1994-01-31 2.0 THE ROLE OF HISTIDINE-40 IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 CATALYSIS: THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES OF THE PARTIALLY ACTIVE HIS40LYS MUTANT
1RSN 1995-12-07 2.0 RIBONUCLEASE (RNASE SA) (E.C.3.1.4.8) COMPLEXED WITH EXO-2',3'-CYCLOPHOSPHOROTHIOATE
1B2M 1999-03-25 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
7GSP 1998-03-18 2.0 RIBONUCLEASE T1/2',3'-CGPS, NON-PRODUCTIVE
1RGC 1994-01-31 2.0 THE COMPLEX BETWEEN RIBONUCLEASE T1 AND 3'-GUANYLIC ACID SUGGESTS GEOMETRY OF ENZYMATIC REACTION PATH. AN X-RAY STUDY
1FYS 2000-10-25 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1RGL 1993-01-15 2.0 RNASE T1 MUTANT GLU46GLN BINDS THE INHIBITORS 2'GMP AND 2'AMP AT THE 3' SUBSITE
4HOH 1998-09-23 2.05 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (THR93ALA MUTANT) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1TTO 2005-09-06 2.1 Crystal structure of the Rnase T1 variant R2
4RNT 1992-01-15 2.2 HIS 92 ALA MUTATION IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 INDUCES SEGMENTAL FLEXIBILITY. AN X-RAY STUDY
6GSP 1998-03-18 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1/3'-GMP, 15 WEEKS
1GSP 1998-02-25 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY
1CH0 1999-12-22 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1TRQ 1994-04-30 2.3 X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC AND CALORIMERIC STUDIES OF THE EFFECTS OF THE MUTATION TRP 59 TYR IN RIBONUCLEASE T1
2BIR 1997-06-16 2.3 ADDITIVITY OF SUBSTRATE BINDING IN RIBONUCLEASE T1 (Y42A MUTANT)
1I3F 2001-03-07 2.35 Ribonuclease T1 V89S mutant
1TRP 1994-04-30 2.4 X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC AND CALORIMERIC STUDIES OF THE EFFECTS OF THE MUTATION TRP 59 TYR IN RIBONUCLEASE T1
3URP 2012-03-28 3.19 Re-refinement of PDB entry 5RNT - ribonuclease T1 with guanosine-3',5'-diphosphate and phosphate ion bound
5RNT 1993-01-15 3.2 X-RAY ANALYSIS OF CUBIC CRYSTALS OF THE COMPLEX FORMED BETWEEN RIBONUCLEASE T1 AND GUANOSINE-3',5'-BISPHOSPHATE

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease Sa P05798 RNSA_KITAU
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR