Probing the folding mechanism of a leucine zipper peptide by stopped-flow circular dichroism spectroscopy.


Leucine zipper peptides provide simple model systems for studying both the intramolecular and intermolecular interactions that govern protein folding. The synthetic 33-residue peptide GCN4-p1, derived from the yeast transcriptional activator GCN4, forms a stable biomolecular coiled-coil structure [O'Shea, E. K., Klemm, J. D., Kim, P. S., & Alber, T. (1991) Science 254, 539-544]. The guanidine-HCl induced equilibrium unfolding of this peptide at 5 degrees C and pH 7.0 yields a standard state free energy of 10.49 +/- 0.23 kcal (mol dimer)-1 when fit to a two-state model involving the native dimer and the unfolded monomer. The unfolding and refolding kinetics of GCN4-p1 were monitored by stopped-flow circular dichroism spectroscopy as a function of both peptide concentration and final denaturant concentration. The unfolding kinetics displayed single-exponential behavior, consistent with a unimolecular reaction. The refolding kinetics, which are dependent on both peptide and guanidine concentration, are well described by a simple bimolecular association reaction. A simultaneous fit of all of the unfolding and refolding kinetic data to the model, N2[symbol: see text]2U, yields refolding and unfolding rate constants in the absence of denaturant of 4.2 x 10(5) M-1 S-1 and 3.3 x 10(-3) S-1, respectively. The equilibrium unfolding curve is accurately predicted from these rate constants, providing further support for the validity of the two-state kinetic model. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4885 Extra Details:

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:27 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Zitzewitz JA;Bilsel O;Luo J;Jones BE;Matthews CR,Biochemistry (1995) Probing the folding mechanism of a leucine zipper peptide by stopped-flow circular dichroism spectroscopy. PMID:7548036
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 General control protein GCN4 P03069 GCN4_YEAST