Folding of ribonuclease T1. 1. Existence of multiple unfolded states created by proline isomerization.


Abstract

It is our aim to elucidate molecular aspects of the mechanism of protein folding. We use ribonuclease T1 as a model protein, because it is a small single-domain protein with a well-defined secondary and tertiary structure, which is stable in the presence and absence of disulfide bonds. Also, an efficient mutagenesis system is available to produce protein molecules with defined sequence variations. Here we present a preliminary characterization of the folding kinetics of ribonuclease T1. Its unfolding and refolding reactions are reversible, which is shown by the quantitative recovery of the catalytic activity after an unfolding/refolding cycle. Refolding is a complex process, where native protein is formed on three distinguishable pathways. There are 3.5% fast-folding molecules, which refold within the millisecond time range, and 96.5% slow-folding species, which regain the native state in the time range of minutes to hours. These slow-folding molecules give rise to two major, parallel refolding reactions. The mixture of fast- and slow-folding molecules is produced slowly after unfolding by chain equilibration reactions that show properties of proline isomerization. We conclude that part of the kinetic complexity of RNase T1 folding can be explained on the basis of the proline model for protein folding. This is supported by the finding that the slow refolding reactions of this protein are accelerated in the presence of the enzyme prolyl isomerase. However, several properties of ribonuclease T1 refolding, such as the dependence of the relative amplitudes on the probes, used to follow folding, are not readily explained by a simple proline model. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3680, 3681 Extra Details: protein folding; disulfide bonds; catalytic activity;,kinetic complexity; proline model

Submission Details

ID: GcGjMeMc3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:22 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kiefhaber T;Quaas R;Hahn U;Schmid FX,Biochemistry (1990) Folding of ribonuclease T1. 1. Existence of multiple unfolded states created by proline isomerization. PMID:2110823
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR