The role of Glu73 of barnase in catalysis and the binding of barstar.


Abstract

Barnase, a small extracellular ribonuclease from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and its intracellular inhibitor barstar have co-evolved to bind tightly and rapidly. Barnase has also evolved to be catalytically active. The active site of barnase and its binding site for barstar use the same subset of amino acids. The exception is Glu73 (the general base in catalysis), which although located at the centre of the binding site, is separated by three ordered water molecules from barstar. We examined in this work the contribution of Glu73 to both catalysis and barstar binding. Truncation mutants of the general base (Glu73 --> Ala or Ser) retain a residual RNase activity of about 0.3% while mutants with larger hydrophobic replacements (Glu 73 --> Trp or Phe) have virtually no catalytic activity. This, and binding data of 3'-GMP with the different barnase mutants suggest that the loss in activity results from the elimination of the general base, which can be substituted to some extent by water or other polar side-chains in truncation mutants. All of the Glu73 mutations lead to a weakening of the free energy of complex formation with barstar by 1.4 to 3.0 kcal/mol (including Gln). This is surprising, since Glu73 does not interact directly with barstar and there is an electrostatic repulsion between Glu73 on barnase and the negatively charged binding surface of barstar. A newly developed method of constructing double mutant cycles between multiple mutations at the same site appears to pinpoint a favourable interaction between Glu73 and one of its nearest neighbours in barstar, Asp39. The coupling energy between those residues is presumably indirect: the carboxylate of Glu73 organizes neighbouring positively charged groups in barnase, Lys27, Arg83, and Arg87 to interact with Asp39 in barstar. This emphasizes that an apparent interaction between a pair of residues as measured with double mutant cycles is the sum of their direct and indirect interactions. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2406, 2407, 2408 Extra Details: protein engineering; double mutant cycles; general base catalysis

Submission Details

ID: GbZfsrFx3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Schreiber G;Frisch C;Fersht AR,J. Mol. Biol. (1997) The role of Glu73 of barnase in catalysis and the binding of barstar. PMID:9231905
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1BNR 1995-07-31 BARNASE
1FW7 2003-06-10 NMR STRUCTURE OF 15N-LABELED BARNASE
2KF3 2009-12-08 Barnase, low pressure reference NMR structure
2KF5 2009-12-08 Barnase bound to d(CGAC), low pressure
2KF6 2009-12-08 Barnase bound to d(CGAC) high pressure
2KF4 2009-12-08 Barnase high pressure structure
2C4B 2005-11-21 1.3 Inhibitor cystine knot protein McoEeTI fused to the catalytically inactive barnase mutant H102A
1A2P 1998-04-29 1.5 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
2ZA4 2008-05-20 1.58 Crystal Structural Analysis of Barnase-barstar Complex
1B20 1998-12-09 1.7 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT-BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BRN 1994-01-31 1.76 SUBSITE BINDING IN AN RNASE: STRUCTURE OF A BARNASE-TETRANUCLEOTIDE COMPLEX AT 1.76 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1B2X 1998-12-09 1.8 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 7.5 FROM A CRYO_COOLED CRYSTAL AT 100K
1B2S 1998-12-08 1.82 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1RNB 1992-07-15 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A BARNASE-D(*GP*C) COMPLEX AT 1.9 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1BRI 1995-07-10 1.9 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 76 REPLACED BY ALA
1X1Y 2005-04-26 1.9 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
3KCH 2010-03-09 1.94 Baranase crosslinked by glutaraldehyde
2F5M 2006-04-25 1.95 Cross-linked barnase soaked in bromo-ethanol
2F56 2006-04-25 1.96 Barnase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde soaked in 6M urea
1BRH 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH LEU 14 REPLACED BY ALA
1BRS 1994-06-22 2.0 PROTEIN-PROTEIN RECOGNITION: CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF A BARNASE-BARSTAR COMPLEX AT 2.0-A RESOLUTION
1BSB 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BRK 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 96 REPLACED BY ALA
1B21 1998-12-09 2.0 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BRJ 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 88 REPLACED BY ALA
1BNF 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE T70C/S92C DISULFIDE MUTANT
2F5W 2006-04-25 2.0 Cross-linked barnase soaked in 3 M thiourea
1BSA 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BSE 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BSC 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1B2Z 1998-12-09 2.03 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BNS 1994-06-22 2.05 STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF BARNASE MUTANTS
1BNE 1995-07-10 2.1 BARNASE A43C/S80C DISULFIDE MUTANT
1B2U 1998-12-09 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BNI 1995-09-15 2.1 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 6.0
1X1W 2005-04-26 2.1 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1BNJ 1995-09-15 2.1 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 9.0
1B27 1998-12-09 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BNG 1995-07-10 2.1 BARNASE S85C/H102C DISULFIDE MUTANT
2F4Y 2006-04-25 2.15 Barnase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde
3Q3F 2012-01-25 2.17 Engineering Domain-Swapped Binding Interfaces by Mutually Exclusive Folding: Insertion of Ubiquitin into position 103 of Barnase
1BRG 1994-06-22 2.2 CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF PHE->LEU SUBSTITUTION IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF BARNASE
1BAN 1993-10-31 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS
1BAO 1993-10-31 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS
1YVS 1999-02-02 2.2 Trimeric domain swapped barnase
3DA7 2009-04-14 2.25 A conformationally strained, circular permutant of barnase
1X1X 2005-04-26 2.3 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1X1U 2005-04-26 2.3 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1BSD 1994-01-31 2.3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1B3S 1998-12-09 2.39 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BGS 1994-04-30 2.6 RECOGNITION BETWEEN A BACTERIAL RIBONUCLEASE, BARNASE, AND ITS NATURAL INHIBITOR, BARSTAR

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.3 Ribonuclease P35078 RN_BACCI
100.0 Ribonuclease P00648 RNBR_BACAM