Substitution of charged residues into the hydrophobic core of Escherichia coli thioredoxin results in a change in heat capacity of the native protein.


Abstract

Two site-directed mutants of Escherichia coli thioredoxin (L78K and L78R) were designed to study the effect of placing a charged residue in the hydrophobic core of the protein. Both mutants retain catalytic activity in the assembly of phage M13. Thermal denaturation of both these mutant proteins at pH 7.0 shows a reduction of stability of approximately 4 kcal.mol-1 with respect to the oxidized wild-type form. The thermal denaturation of the protein fits a dimeric state model. A significant reduction in the change in heat capacity (delta Cp) on unfolding is observed compared to oxidized wild-type thioredoxin. We present data to indicate that this reduction in delta Cp is attributable to structural perturbations resulting in localized unfolding of the native protein and exposure to solvent of residues that are buried in the wild-type protein. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3095, 3096, 3097, 14151, 14152 Extra Details: thioredoxin; hydrophobic core; charged residues; heat capacity;,thermal denaturation; unfolding

Submission Details

ID: Fmd3WqV43

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:21 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ladbury JE;Wynn R;Thomson JA;Sturtevant JM,Biochemistry (1995) Substitution of charged residues into the hydrophobic core of Escherichia coli thioredoxin results in a change in heat capacity of the native protein. PMID:7857925
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3DXB 2008-07-24T00:00:00+0000 2.2 Structure of the UHM domain of Puf60 fused to thioredoxin
5E4W 2015-10-07T00:00:00+0000 2.8 Crystal structure of cpSRP43 chromodomains 2 and 3 in complex with the Alb3 tail
5IKN 2016-03-03T00:00:00+0000 4.8 Crystal Structure of the T7 Replisome in the Absence of DNA
1F6M 2000-06-22T00:00:00+0000 2.95 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A COMPLEX BETWEEN THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE, THIOREDOXIN, AND THE NADP+ ANALOG, AADP+
1KEB 2001-11-15T00:00:00+0000 1.8 Crystal Structure of Double Mutant M37L,P40S E.coli Thioredoxin
1M7T 2002-07-22T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution Structure and Dynamics of the Human-Escherichia coli Thioredoxin Chimera: Insights into Thermodynamic Stability
1OAZ 2003-01-21T00:00:00+0000 2.78 IgE Fv SPE7 complexed with a recombinant thioredoxin
1SKR 2004-03-05T00:00:00+0000 2.4 T7 DNA Polymerase Complexed To DNA Primer/Template and ddATP
1SKS 2004-03-05T00:00:00+0000 2.3 Binary 3' complex of T7 DNA polymerase with a DNA primer/template containing a cis-syn thymine dimer on the template
1SKW 2004-03-05T00:00:00+0000 2.3 Binary 3' complex of T7 DNA polymerase with a DNA primer/template containing a disordered cis-syn thymine dimer on the template

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA30 THIO_SHIFL
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA28 THIO_SALTY
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA29 THIO_SALTI
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA25 THIO_ECOLI
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA26 THIO_ECOL6
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA27 THIO_ECO57