Substitution of charged residues into the hydrophobic core of Escherichia coli thioredoxin results in a change in heat capacity of the native protein.


Abstract

Two site-directed mutants of Escherichia coli thioredoxin (L78K and L78R) were designed to study the effect of placing a charged residue in the hydrophobic core of the protein. Both mutants retain catalytic activity in the assembly of phage M13. Thermal denaturation of both these mutant proteins at pH 7.0 shows a reduction of stability of approximately 4 kcal.mol-1 with respect to the oxidized wild-type form. The thermal denaturation of the protein fits a dimeric state model. A significant reduction in the change in heat capacity (delta Cp) on unfolding is observed compared to oxidized wild-type thioredoxin. We present data to indicate that this reduction in delta Cp is attributable to structural perturbations resulting in localized unfolding of the native protein and exposure to solvent of residues that are buried in the wild-type protein. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3095, 3096, 3097, 14151, 14152 Extra Details: thioredoxin; hydrophobic core; charged residues; heat capacity;,thermal denaturation; unfolding

Submission Details

ID: Fmd3WqV43

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:21 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ladbury JE;Wynn R;Thomson JA;Sturtevant JM,Biochemistry (1995) Substitution of charged residues into the hydrophobic core of Escherichia coli thioredoxin results in a change in heat capacity of the native protein. PMID:7857925
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