Mutational analysis of the subunit interface of Vibrio harveyi bacterial luciferase.


Bacterial luciferase is a heterodimeric (alphabeta) enzyme which catalyzes a light-producing reaction in Vibrio harveyi. In addition to the alphabeta enzyme, the beta subunit can self-associate to form a stable but inactive homodimer [Sinclair, J. F., Ziegler, M. M., and Baldwin, T. O. (1994) Nat. Struct. Biol. 1, 320-326]. The studies reported here were undertaken to explore the role of the subunit interface in the conformational stability of the enzyme. To this end, we constructed four mutant heterodimers in which residues at the subunit interface were changed in an effort to alter the volume of an apparent solvent accessible channel at the interface or to alter H-bonding groups. Equilibrium unfolding data for the heterodimer have been interpreted in terms of a three-state mechanism [Clark, C. A., Sinclair, J. F., and Baldwin, T. O. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 10773-10779]. However, we found that unfolding for the wild-type and mutant luciferases is better described by a four-state model. This change in the proposed mechanism of unfolding is based on observation of residual structure in the subunits following dissociation of the heterodimeric intermediate. All of the mutants display modest reductions in activity but, surprisingly, no change in the DeltaG2H2O value for subunit dissociation and no measurable change in the equilibrium dissociation constant relative to that of the wild-type heterodimer. However, the DeltaG1H2O value for the formation of the dimeric intermediate that precedes subunit dissociation is reduced for three of the mutants, indicating that mutations at the interface can alter the stability of a region of the alpha subunit that is distant from the interface. We conclude that the interface region communicates with the distal domains of this subunit, probably through the active center region of the enzyme. Study holds ProTherm entries: 14947, 14948, 14949, 14951, 14952, 14953, 14954, 14955, 14956, 14957, 14958, 14959, 14960, 14961, 14962, 14963, 14964, 14965 Extra Details: Alpha-subunit heterodimeric (alphabeta) enzyme; subunit interface; conformational stability;,four-state model

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:45 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Inlow JK;Baldwin TO,Biochemistry (2002) Mutational analysis of the subunit interface of Vibrio harveyi bacterial luciferase. PMID:11900533
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