pKa values and the pH dependent stability of the N-terminal domain of L9 as probes of electrostatic interactions in the denatured state. Differentiation between local and nonlocal interactions.


Abstract

pKa values were measured for the 6 carboxylates in the N-terminal domain of L9 (NTL9) by following NMR chemical shifts as a function of pH. The contribution of each carboxylate to the pH dependent stability of NTL9 was estimated by comparing the pKa values for the native and denatured state of the protein. A set of peptides with sequences derived from NTL9 were used to model the denatured state. In the protein fragments, the pKa values measured for the aspartates varied between 3.8 and 4.1 and the pKa values measured for the glutamates varied between 4.1 and 4.6. These results indicate that the local sequence can significantly influence pKa values in the denatured state and highlight the difficulties in using standard pKa values derived from small compounds. Calculations based on the measured pKa values suggest that the free energy of unfolding of NTL9 should decrease by 4.4 kcal mol-1 when the pH is lowered from 6 to 2. In contrast, urea and thermal denaturation experiments indicate that the stability of the protein decreases by only 2.6 kcal mol-1 when the carboxylates are protonated. This discrepancy indicates that the protein fragments are not a complete representation of the denatured state and that nonlocal sequence effects perturb the pKa's in the denatured state. Increasing the salt concentration from 100 to 750 mM NaCl removes the discrepancy between the stabilities derived from denaturation experiments and the stability changes calculated from the pKa values. At high concentrations of salt there is also less variation of the pKa values measured in the protein fragments. Our results argue that in the denatured state of NTL9 there are electrostatic interactions between groups both local and nonlocal in primary sequence. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5766, 5767, 5768, 5769, 5770, 5771, 5772, 5773, 5774, 5775, 5776, 5777 Extra Details: local and nonlocal interactions; carboxylates; local sequence;,free energies of unfolding; electrostatic interactions

Submission Details

ID: FCsTCnvy

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:30 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kuhlman B;Luisi DL;Young P;Raleigh DP,Biochemistry (1999) pKa values and the pH dependent stability of the N-terminal domain of L9 as probes of electrostatic interactions in the denatured state. Differentiation between local and nonlocal interactions. PMID:10200179
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1CQU 2002-04-27 SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE N-TERMINAL DOMAIN OF RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN L9
2HBA 2007-05-29 1.25 Crystal Structure of N-terminal Domain of Ribosomal Protein L9 (NTL9) K12M
2HVF 2007-06-12 1.57 Crystal Structure of N-terminal Domain of Ribosomal Protein L9 (NTL9), G34dA
2HBB 2007-05-29 1.9 Crystal Structure of the N-terminal Domain of Ribosomal Protein L9 (NTL9)
1DIV 1997-01-11 2.6 RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN L9
487D 2000-04-10 7.5 SEVEN RIBOSOMAL PROTEINS FITTED TO A CRYO-ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC MAP OF THE LARGE 50S SUBUNIT AT 7.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
95.3 50S ribosomal protein L9 Q5KU74 RL9_GEOKA
96.6 50S ribosomal protein L9 A4ITV1 RL9_GEOTN
100.0 50S ribosomal protein L9 P02417 RL9_GEOSE