Cis proline mutants of ribonuclease A. I. Thermal stability.


A chemically synthesized gene for ribonuclease A has been expressed in Escherichia coli using a T7 expression system (Studier, F.W., Rosenberg, A.H., Dunn, J.J., & Dubendorff, J.W., 1990, Methods Enzymol. 185, 60-89). The expressed protein, which contains an additional N-terminal methionine residue, has physical and catalytic properties close to those of bovine ribonuclease A. The expressed protein accumulates in inclusion bodies and has scrambled disulfide bonds; the native disulfide bonds are regenerated during purification. Site-directed mutations have been made at each of the two cis proline residues, 93 and 114, and a double mutant has been made. In contrast to results reported for replacement of trans proline residues, replacement of either cis proline is strongly destabilizing. Thermal unfolding experiments on four single mutants give delta Tm approximately equal to 10 degrees C and delta delta G0 (apparent) = 2-3 kcal/mol. The reason is that either the substituted amino acid goes in cis, and cis<==>trans isomerization after unfolding pulls the unfolding equilibrium toward the unfolded state, or else there is a conformational change, which by itself is destabilizing relative to the wild-type conformation, that allows the substituted amino acid to form a trans peptide bond. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2137, 2138, 2139, 2140, 2141, 2142, 13934, 13935, 13936, 13937, 13938 Extra Details: cis peptide bond; cis proline mutants; ribonuclease A;,thermal stability

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Schultz DA;Baldwin RL,Protein Sci. (1992) Cis proline mutants of ribonuclease A. I. Thermal stability. PMID:1338975
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE