Left-sided substrate binding of lysozyme: evidence for the involvement of asparagine-46 in the initial binding of substrate to chicken lysozyme.


Abstract

The "right-sided" and "left-sided" substrate binding modes at the lower saccharide binding subsites (D-F sites) of chicken lysozyme were investigated by utilizing mutant lysozymes secreted from yeast. We constructed the following mutant lysozymes; "left-sided" substitution of Asn46 to Asp, deletion of Thr47, and insertion of Gly between Thr47 and Asp48 and "right-sided" substitution of Asn37 to Gly. Analyses of their activities and substrate binding abilities showed that Asn46 and Thr47 are involved in the initial enzyme-substrate complex and Asn37 is involved in the transition state. These results support an earlier proposal that interactions between substrate and residues at the left side of lysozyme stabilize a catalytically inactive enzyme-substrate complex, while interactions between substrate and residues at the right side stabilize the catalytically active complex [Pincus, M. R., & Scheraga, H. A. (1979) Macromolecules 12, 633-644]. These results are also consistent with the proposed kinetic mechanism for lysozyme reaction that the rearrangement of an initial enzyme-substrate complex (beta-complex) to another complex (gamma-complex) is required for catalytic hydrolysis [Banerjee S. K., Holler, E., Hess, G. P., & Rupley, J. A. (1975) J. Biol. Chem. 250, 4355-4367]. Study holds ProTherm entries: 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1743, 1744, 1745, 1746, 1747, 1748 Extra Details: chicken lysozyme; substrate binding; activities

Submission Details

ID: EPW27RUi

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:17 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Inoue M;Yamada H;Yasukochi T;Miki T;Horiuchi T;Imoto T,Biochemistry (1992) Left-sided substrate binding of lysozyme: evidence for the involvement of asparagine-46 in the initial binding of substrate to chicken lysozyme. PMID:1420152
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
2IHL 1993-06-29T00:00:00+0000 1.4 LYSOZYME (E.C.3.2.1.17) (JAPANESE QUAIL)
1FBI 1995-01-19T00:00:00+0000 3.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A CROSS-REACTION COMPLEX BETWEEN FAB F9.13.7 AND GUINEA-FOWL LYSOZYME
1GHL 1993-05-04T00:00:00+0000 2.1 THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF PHEASANT AND GUINEA-FOWL EGG LYSOZYMES
1HHL 1993-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.9 THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF PHEASANT AND GUINEA-FOWL EGG LYSOZYMES
1JHL 1993-05-04T00:00:00+0000 2.4 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF A HETEROCLITIC ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY CROSS-REACTION COMPLEX
1BQL 1995-02-03T00:00:00+0000 2.6 STRUCTURE OF AN ANTI-HEL FAB FRAGMENT COMPLEXED WITH BOBWHITE QUAIL LYSOZYME
1DKJ 1996-01-10T00:00:00+0000 2.0 BOBWHITE QUAIL LYSOZYME
1DKK 1996-01-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 BOBWHITE QUAIL LYSOZYME WITH NITRATE
135L 1993-06-10T00:00:00+0000 1.3 X-RAY STRUCTURE OF MONOCLINIC TURKEY EGG LYSOZYME AT 1.3 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1DZB 2000-02-23T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal structure of phage library-derived single-chain Fv fragment 1F9 in complex with turkey egg-white lysozyme

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
92.3 Lysozyme C P49663 LYSC_PHAVE
93.0 Lysozyme C P81711 LYSC_SYRSO
93.2 Lysozyme C P00702 LYSC_PHACO
94.6 Lysozyme C P24533 LYSC_SYRRE
93.0 Lysozyme C P24364 LYSC_LOPLE
92.2 Lysozyme C P00704 LYSC_NUMME
95.2 Lysozyme C P00703 LYSC_MELGA
95.3 Lysozyme C Q7LZT2 LYSC_TRATE
95.3 Lysozyme C P22910 LYSC_CHRAM
96.1 Lysozyme C P19849 LYSC_PAVCR
95.3 Lysozyme C P00701 LYSC_COTJA
96.1 Lysozyme C Q7LZI3 LYSC_TRASA
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZP9 LYSC_LOPIM
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZQ0 LYSC_CATWA
96.9 Lysozyme C P00699 LYSC_CALCC
96.9 Lysozyme C P00700 LYSC_COLVI
100.0 Lysozyme C P00698 LYSC_CHICK