Thermodynamic characterization of the human acidic fibroblast growth factor: evidence for cold denaturation.


Abstract

The thermodynamic parameters characterizing the conformational stability of the human acidic fibroblast growth factor (hFGF-1) have been determined by isothermal urea denaturation and thermal denaturation at fixed concentrations of urea using fluorescence and far-UV CD circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. The equilibrium unfolding transitions at pH 7.0 are adequately described by a two-state (native <--> unfolded state) mechanism. The stability of the protein is pH-dependent, and the protein unfolds completely below pH 3.0 (at 25 degrees C). hFGF-1 is shown to undergo a two-state transition only in a narrow pH range (pH 7.0-8.0). Under acidic (pH <6.0) and basic (pH >8.0) conditions, hFGF-1 is found to unfold noncooperatively, involving the accumulation of intermediates. The average temperature of maximum stability is determined to be 295.2 K. The heat capacity change (DeltaC(p)()) for the unfolding of hFGF-1 is estimated to be 2.1 +/- 0.5 kcal.mol(-1).K(-1). Temperature denaturation experiments in the absence and presence of urea show that hFGF-1 has a tendency to undergo cold denaturation. Two-dimensional (1)H-(15)N HSQC spectra of hFGF-1 acquired at subzero temperatures clearly show that hFGF-1 unfolds under low-temperature conditions. The significance of the noncooperative unfolding under acidic conditions and the cold denaturation process observed in hFGF-1 are discussed in detail. Study holds ProTherm entries: 11472, 11473, 11474, 11475, 11476, 11477, 11478, 11479, 11480, 11481, 11482, 11483, 11484, 11485, 11486, 11487, 11488, 11489, 11490 Extra Details: conformational stability; noncooperatively; cold denaturation; acidic

Submission Details

ID: EBjTSKHL

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:42 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Chi Y;Kumar TK;Wang HM;Ho MC;Chiu IM;Yu C,Biochemistry (2001) Thermodynamic characterization of the human acidic fibroblast growth factor: evidence for cold denaturation. PMID:11412129
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