Contributions of the ionizable amino acids to the stability of staphylococcal nuclease.


Abstract

To quantitate the contributions of the ionizable amino acids to the stability of the native state of staphylococcal nuclease, each of the 23 lysines, 5 arginines, 4 histidines, 12 glutamic acids, and 8 aspartic acids was substituted with both alanine and glycine. This collection of 104 mutant proteins was analyzed by guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) denaturation, using intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence to quantitate the equilibrium between native and denatured states. From the analysis of these data, each mutant protein's stability in the absence of denaturant (delta GH2O) and sensitivity to changes in denaturant concentration [mGuHCl = d(delta G)/d[GuHCl]] were obtained. Several general trends in these values suggest that electrostatic interactions make only a minor contribution to the net stability of this protein. For the residue pairs that form ten salt bridges and ten charged hydrogen bonds between side chains, no correlation was observed between the stability losses (delta delta G) accompanying alanine substitution of each member of the pair. Little or no significant correlation was found between the magnitude of the loss in stability and the local electrostatic potential calculated from the three-dimensional structure by numerical and model dependent solutions of the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation. The structural parameters which correlated most strongly with stability loss are measures of the extent of burial of the residue in the native structure, as was previously observed for alanine and glycine substitutions of large hydrophobic residues [Shortle et al. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 8033] and of the polar, uncharged residues [Green et al. (1992) Biochemistry 31, 5717]. These results suggest that the ionizable amino acids contribute to stability predominantly through packing and bonding interactions that do not depend on their electrostatic charge. Study holds ProTherm entries: 1564, 1565, 1566, 1567, 1568, 1569, 1570, 1571, 1572, 1573, 1574, 1575, 1576, 1577, 1578, 1579, 1580, 1581, 1582, 1583, 1584, 1585, 1586, 1587, 1588, 1589, 1590, 1591, 1592, 1593, 1594, 1595, 1596, 1597, 1598, 1599, 1600, 1601, 1602, 1603, 1604, 1605, 1606, 1607, 1608, 1609, 1610, 1611, 1612, 1613, 1614, 1615, 1616, 1617, 1618, 1619, 1620, 1621, 1622, 1623, 1624, 1625, 1626, 1627, 1628, 1629, 1630, 1631, 1632, 1633, 1634, 1635, 1636, 1637, 1638, 1639, 1640, 1641, 1642, 1643, 1644, 1645, 1646, 1647, 1648, 1649, 1650, 1651, 1652, 1653, 1654, 1655, 1656, 1657, 1658, 1659, 1660, 1661, 1662, 1663, 1664, 1665, 1666, 1667, 1668 Extra Details: staphylococcal nuclease; protein stability; hydrogen bonds;,electrostatic interactions; ionizable amino acids; packing

Submission Details

ID: E9dQuCr6

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:17 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Meeker AK;Garcia-Moreno B;Shortle D,Biochemistry (1996) Contributions of the ionizable amino acids to the stability of staphylococcal nuclease. PMID:8639591
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU