Stability of phage T4 lysozymes. I. Native properties and thermal stability of wild type and two mutant lysozymes.


Abstract

Two mutants of phage T4 lysozyme were prepared and characterized. One mutation substituted a tyrosine residue for tryptophan at position 138. The other substituted tyrosines at all three tryptophan positions of the wild type molecule (126, 138, 158). Comparative studies of the physical properties (absorption, fluorescence, circular dichroism) of the three enzymes were performed as a function of pH. Also, the proteins were reversibly melted as a function of pH. Since the unfolding reaction appeared to be a two-state process for all these proteins, the data were analyzed by the van 't Hoff procedure. The changes in stability and activity produced by substitution of Trp 138 were especially significant. The other substitutions were neutral. See the end of the paper for a summary of conclusions. In the appendix the appropriate thermodynamic relations are developed for a constant deltaCp transition. Study holds ProTherm entries: 1215, 1216, 1217, 1218, 1219, 13612, 13613, 13614 Extra Details: bacteriophage T4 lysozyme; tyrosine; tryptophan;,thermal stability

Submission Details

ID: Dec6tLQY

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:16 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Elwell ML;Schellman JA,Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1977) Stability of phage T4 lysozymes. I. Native properties and thermal stability of wild type and two mutant lysozymes. PMID:911878
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
102L 1992-09-29T00:00:00+0000 1.74 HOW AMINO-ACID INSERTIONS ARE ALLOWED IN AN ALPHA-HELIX OF T4 LYSOZYME
103L 1992-09-29T00:00:00+0000 1.9 HOW AMINO-ACID INSERTIONS ARE ALLOWED IN AN ALPHA-HELIX OF T4 LYSOZYME
104L 1992-09-29T00:00:00+0000 2.8 HOW AMINO-ACID INSERTIONS ARE ALLOWED IN AN ALPHA-HELIX OF T4 LYSOZYME
107L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
108L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
109L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.85 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
110L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.7 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
111L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
112L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
113L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Endolysin P00720 ENLYS_BPT4