The role of a trans-proline in the folding mechanism of ribonuclease T1.


Abstract

Protein folding is often retarded by the cis reversible trans isomerizations of prolyl peptide bonds both in vitro and in vivo. An important role for the folding mechanism is well established for the prolyl peptide bonds that are cis in the native protein, but not for those that are trans. Here we investigated the role of trans-Pro73 for the folding of ribonuclease T1 (which additionally contains two cis-prolines) by comparing the wild-type protein with the Pro73-->Val variant. The Pro-->Val substitution led to a destabilization of the folded protein by 8.5 kJ/mol, which is explained by the strong, 25-fold increase in the rate of unfolding. In contrast, the rates and amplitudes of the fast and slow refolding reactions were virtually unchanged. trans-Proline residues remain largely trans after unfolding, and therefore their contributions to the observed folding kinetics should indeed be insignificant for proteins which also contain one or more cis prolines. The cis-proline residues dominate the kinetics of refolding, because almost all slow-folding molecules contain the respective incorrect (trans) isomers, and because trans-->cis isomerizations are slower than cis-->trans isomerizations. The inability to detect contributions from a trans-proline to the kinetics of folding does not imply that this proline is non-essential for folding in the sense that its cis reversible trans isomerization is energetically uncoupled from conformational folding. Study holds ProTherm entries: 8721, 8722, 8723, 8724, 8725, 8726, 8727, 8728 Extra Details: protein stability; protein folding; trans-proline; prolyl cis/trans isomerization;,prolyl isomerase

Submission Details

ID: CrwYsPrK3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:36 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Schindler T;Mayr LM;Landt O;Hahn U;Schmid FX,Eur. J. Biochem. (1996) The role of a trans-proline in the folding mechanism of ribonuclease T1. PMID:8917450
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR