The KM+ lectin exhibits a novel and unusual circular dichroism (CD) spectrum that could be explained by a high proline content that would be inducing deformation of the beta-structure and/or unusual turns. KM+ was shown to be a very rigid lectin, which was very stable under a broad variety of conditions (urea, guanidine, hydrolysis, pH, etc.). Only incubation for 60 min at 333-338 K and extreme basic pH were able to induce conformational changes which could be observed by CD and fluorescence measurements. Data from CD are typical for protein denaturing associated with changes in the overall secondary structure. Data from high-performance size exclusion chromatography (SEC) showed that the denatured forms produced at pH 12.0 are eluted in clusters that co-elute with the native forms. A significant contribution from the tyrosines to the fluorescence emission upon denaturation was observed above 328 K. In fact at 328 K some broadening of the emission spectrum takes place followed by the appearance of a shoulder (approx. 305 nm) at 333 K and above. The sensitivity of tryptophan fluorescence to the addition of sugar suggests a close proximity of the tryptophan residues to the sugar binding site, K(a)=(2.9+/-0.6)x10(3) M(-1). The fraction of chromophore accessible to the quencher obtained is f(a)=0.43+/-0.08, suggesting that approximately 50% of the tryptophan residues are not accessible to quenching by d-mannose. KM+ thermal denaturation was found to be irreversible and was analyzed using a two-state model (N-->D). The results obtained for the activation energy and transition temperature from the equilibrium CD studies were: activation energy, E(a)=134+/-11 kJ/mol and transition temperature, T(m)=339+/-1 K, and from the fluorescence data: E(a)=179+/-18 kJ/mol and T(m)=337+/-1 K. Kinetic studies gave the following values: E(a)=108+/-18 kJ/mol and E(a)=167+/-12 kJ/mol for CD and fluorescence data, respectively. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9193, 9194 Extra Details:
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
|Number of data points||2|
|Proteins||Mannose-specific lectin KM+ ; Artocarpin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: Tm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence ASQTITVGSWGGPGGNGWDEGSYTGIRQIELSYKEAIGSFSVIYDLNGDPFSGPKHTSKLPYKNVKIELKFPDEFLESVSGYTGPFSALATPTPVVRSLTFKTNKGRTFGPYGDEEGTYFNLPIENGLIVGFKGRTGDLLDAIGIHMSL|