Three-state thermodynamic analysis of the denaturation of staphylococcal nuclease mutants.


Using microcalorimetry, we found an equilibrium intermediate state during the denaturation of the wild-type and five mutant staphylococcal nuclease proteins: V66L, V66W, G88V, D77A, and E75V. The presence of two distinct heat absorption peaks allowed direct measurement of the enthalpy differences between the native, intermediate, and denatured states. Conditions of low pH and high NaCl concentration facilitated observation of the intermediate, or I-state. We propose to consider the nuclease protein as composed of two subdomains, divided along the active-site cleft. The structure of the I-state apparently consists mainly of the folded beta-barrel subdomain, as does that of a nuclease fragment protein [Shortle, D., & Abeygunawardana, C. (1993) Structure 1, 121-134]. The cooperativity of folding of the subdomains is maintained by electrostatic bonds across the active-site cleft. Removal of these bonds by the mutation D77A or E75V results in decooperation of the protein's structure and a three-state mechanism of denaturation at pH 7.0. The origins of differences in the enthalpy change of denaturation and in the m value of guanidinium chloride-induced denaturation with mutant nucleases are discussed in terms of this three-state mechanism. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2934, 2935, 2936, 2937, 2938, 2939, 2940, 2941, 2942, 2943, 2944 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(1 mM),measurements were made in the presence of 0.1M NaCl intermediate state; three-state mechanism; thermodynamic;,enthalpy change; electrostatic; active-site cleft; structure

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:20 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Carra JH;Anderson EA;Privalov PL,Biochemistry (1994) Three-state thermodynamic analysis of the denaturation of staphylococcal nuclease mutants. PMID:8075087
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR