The folding of an enzyme. II. Substructure of barnase and the contribution of different interactions to protein stability.


Abstract

Barnase is described anatomically in terms of its substructures and their mode of packing. The surface area of hydrophobic residues buried on formation and packing of the structural elements has been calculated. Changes in stability have been measured for 64 mutations, 41 constructed in this study, strategically located over the protein. The purpose is to provide: (1) information on the magnitudes of changes in stabilization energy for mutations of residues that are important in maintaining the structure; and (2) probes for the folding pathway to be used in subsequent studies. The majority of mutations delete functional moieties of side-chains or make isosteric changes. The energetics of the interactions are variable and context-dependent. The following general conclusions may be drawn, however, from this study about the classes of interactions that stabilize the protein. (1) Truncation of buried hydrophobic side-chains has, in general, the greatest effect on stability. For fully buried residues, this averages at 1.5 kcal mol-1 per methylene group with a standard deviation of +/- 0.6 kcal mol-1. Truncation of partly exposed leucine, isoleucine or valine residues that are in the range of 50 to 80 A2 of solvent-accessible area (30 to 50% of the total solvent-accessible area on a Gly-X-Gly tripeptide, i.e. those packed against the surface) has a smaller, but relatively constant effect on stability, at 0.81 kcal mol-1 per methylene group with a statistical standard deviation of +/- 0.18 kcal mol-1. (2) There is a very poor correlation between hydrophobic surface area buried and the free energy change for an extensive data set of hydrophobic mutants. The best correlation is found to be between the free energy change and the number of methylene groups within a 6 A radius of the hydrophobic groups deleted. (3) Burial of the hydroxyl group of threonine in a pocket that is intended for a gamma-methyl group of valine costs 2.5 kcal mol-1, in the range expected for the loss of two hydrogen bonds.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 2149, 2150, 2151, 2152, 2153, 2154 Extra Details: dG and ddG were measured in the presence of [urea]50% hydrophobic; hydrogen bond; ion pair; electrostatic

Submission Details

ID: BwiwzMnY

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:14 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Serrano L;Kellis JT;Cann P;Matouschek A;Fersht AR,J. Mol. Biol. (1992) The folding of an enzyme. II. Substructure of barnase and the contribution of different interactions to protein stability. PMID:1569557
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1BNR 1995-07-31 BARNASE
2KF3 2009-12-08 Barnase, low pressure reference NMR structure
2KF4 2009-12-08 Barnase high pressure structure
1FW7 2003-06-10 NMR STRUCTURE OF 15N-LABELED BARNASE
2KF6 2009-12-08 Barnase bound to d(CGAC) high pressure
2KF5 2009-12-08 Barnase bound to d(CGAC), low pressure
2C4B 2005-11-21 1.3 Inhibitor cystine knot protein McoEeTI fused to the catalytically inactive barnase mutant H102A
1A2P 1998-04-29 1.5 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
2ZA4 2008-05-20 1.58 Crystal Structural Analysis of Barnase-barstar Complex
1B20 1998-12-09 1.7 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT-BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BRN 1994-01-31 1.76 SUBSITE BINDING IN AN RNASE: STRUCTURE OF A BARNASE-TETRANUCLEOTIDE COMPLEX AT 1.76 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1B2X 1998-12-09 1.8 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 7.5 FROM A CRYO_COOLED CRYSTAL AT 100K
1B2S 1998-12-08 1.82 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1RNB 1992-07-15 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A BARNASE-D(*GP*C) COMPLEX AT 1.9 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1BRI 1995-07-10 1.9 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 76 REPLACED BY ALA
1X1Y 2005-04-26 1.9 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
3KCH 2010-03-09 1.94 Baranase crosslinked by glutaraldehyde
2F5M 2006-04-25 1.95 Cross-linked barnase soaked in bromo-ethanol
2F56 2006-04-25 1.96 Barnase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde soaked in 6M urea
1BRS 1994-06-22 2.0 PROTEIN-PROTEIN RECOGNITION: CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF A BARNASE-BARSTAR COMPLEX AT 2.0-A RESOLUTION
2F5W 2006-04-25 2.0 Cross-linked barnase soaked in 3 M thiourea
1BNF 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE T70C/S92C DISULFIDE MUTANT
1BSA 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BRK 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 96 REPLACED BY ALA
1BRJ 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 88 REPLACED BY ALA
1BSC 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1B21 1998-12-09 2.0 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BRH 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH LEU 14 REPLACED BY ALA
1BSE 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BSB 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1B2Z 1998-12-09 2.03 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BNS 1994-06-22 2.05 STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF BARNASE MUTANTS
1BNG 1995-07-10 2.1 BARNASE S85C/H102C DISULFIDE MUTANT
1X1W 2005-04-26 2.1 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1B27 1998-12-09 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BNJ 1995-09-15 2.1 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 9.0
1B2U 1998-12-09 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BNI 1995-09-15 2.1 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 6.0
1BNE 1995-07-10 2.1 BARNASE A43C/S80C DISULFIDE MUTANT
2F4Y 2006-04-25 2.15 Barnase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde
3Q3F 2012-01-25 2.17 Engineering Domain-Swapped Binding Interfaces by Mutually Exclusive Folding: Insertion of Ubiquitin into position 103 of Barnase
1YVS 1999-02-02 2.2 Trimeric domain swapped barnase
1BAO 1993-10-31 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS
1BGE 1993-10-31 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF CANINE AND BOVINE GRANULOCYTE-COLONY STIMULATING FACTOR (G-CSF)
1BRG 1994-06-22 2.2 CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF PHE->LEU SUBSTITUTION IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF BARNASE
1BAN 1993-10-31 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS
3DA7 2009-04-14 2.25 A conformationally strained, circular permutant of barnase
1BSD 1994-01-31 2.3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BGD 1993-10-31 2.3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF CANINE AND BOVINE GRANULOCYTE-COLONY STIMULATING FACTOR (G-CSF)
1X1U 2005-04-26 2.3 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1X1X 2005-04-26 2.3 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1B3S 1998-12-09 2.39 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BGS 1994-04-30 2.6 RECOGNITION BETWEEN A BACTERIAL RIBONUCLEASE, BARNASE, AND ITS NATURAL INHIBITOR, BARSTAR

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.3 Ribonuclease P35078 RN_BACCI
100.0 Ribonuclease P00648 RNBR_BACAM
91.3 Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor O02708 CSF3_FELCA
100.0 Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor P35834 CSF3_CANLF