Folding of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2. 2. Influence of proline isomerization on the folding kinetics and thermodynamic characterization of the transition state of folding.


Abstract

The refolding of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 (CI2) is, at least, a triphasic process. The rate constants are 53 s-1 for the major phase (77% of the total amplitude) and 0.43 and 0.024 s-1 for the slower phases (23% of the total amplitude) at 25 degrees C and pH 6.3. The multiphase nature of the refolding reaction results from heterogeneity in the denatured state because of proline isomerization. The fast phase corresponds to the refolding of the fraction of protein that has all its prolines in a native trans conformation in the denatured state. It is not catalyzed by peptidyl-prolyl isomerase. The rate-limiting step of folding for the slower phases, however, is proline isomerization, and they are both catalyzed by peptidyl-prolyl isomerase. The slowest phase has properties consistent with a process involving proline isomerization in a denatured state. In particular, the activation enthalpy is large, 16 kcal mol-1 K-1, and the rate is independent of guanidinium chloride concentration ([GdnHCl]). In comparison, the intermediate phase shows properties consistent with a process involving proline isomerization in a partially structured state. The activation enthalpy is small, 8 kcal mol-1 K-1, and the rate has a strong dependence on [GdnHCl]. Temperature dependences of the rate constants for unfolding and for the fast refolding phase, both in the absence and in the presence of GdnHCl, were used to characterize the thermodynamic nature of the transition state and its relative exposure to solvent. The Eyring plot for unfolding is linear, indicating that there is relatively little change in heat capacity between native state and transition state.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 3889, 3890, 3891, 3892, 3893 Extra Details: rate constants; proline isomerization; transition state;,hydrophobic core

Submission Details

ID: BoZ8rWPF

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:23 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Jackson SE;Fersht AR,Biochemistry (1991) Folding of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2. 2. Influence of proline isomerization on the folding kinetics and thermodynamic characterization of the transition state of folding. PMID:1931968
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