Multiple role of hydrophobicity of tryptophan-108 in chicken lysozyme: structural stability, saccharide binding ability, and abnormal pKa of glutamic acid-35.


Abstract

Trp108 of chicken lysozyme is in van der Waals contact with Glu35, one of two catalytic carboxyl groups. The role of Trp108 in lysozyme function and stability was investigated by using mutant lysozymes secreted from yeast. By the replacement of Trp108 with less hydrophobic residues, Tyr (W108Y lysozyme) and Gln (W108Q lysozyme), the activity, saccharide binding ability, stability, and pKa of Glu35 were all decreased with a decrease in the hydrophobicity of residue 108. Namely, at pH 5.5 and 40 degrees C, the activities of W108Y and W108Q lysozymes against glycol chitin were 17.3 and 1.6% of that of wild-type lysozyme, and their dissociation constants for the binding of a trimer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine were 7.4 and 309 times larger than that of wild-type lysozyme, respectively. For the reversible unfolding at pH 3.5 and 30 degrees C, W108Y and W108Q lysozymes were less stable than wild-type lysozyme by 1.4 and 3.6 kcal/mol, respectively. As for the pKa of Glu35, the values for W108Y and W108Q lysozymes were found to be lower than that for wild-type lysozyme by 0.2 and by 0.6 pKa unit, respectively. The pKa of Glu35 in lysozyme was also decreased from 6.1 to 5.4 by the presence of 1-3 M guanidine hydrochloride, or to 5.5 by the substitution of Asn for Asp52, another catalytic carboxyl group. Thus, both the hydrophobicity of Trp108 and the electrostatic interaction with Asp52 are equally responsible for the abnormally high pKa (6.1) of Glu35, compared with that (4.4) of a normal glutamic acid residue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 1821, 1822, 1823, 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833, 1834, 1835 Extra Details: chicken lysozyme; hydrophobicity; tryptophan; activity;,structural stability; dissociation constant

Submission Details

ID: Bg9FwdwE3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Inoue M;Yamada H;Yasukochi T;Kuroki R;Miki T;Horiuchi T;Imoto T,Biochemistry (1992) Multiple role of hydrophobicity of tryptophan-108 in chicken lysozyme: structural stability, saccharide binding ability, and abnormal pKa of glutamic acid-35. PMID:1610799
Additional Information

Sequence Assay Result Units