Massively Parallel Functional Analysis of BRCA1 RING Domain Variants.


Interpreting variants of uncertain significance (VUS) is a central challenge in medical genetics. One approach is to experimentally measure the functional consequences of VUS, but to date this approach has been post hoc and low throughput. Here we use massively parallel assays to measure the effects of nearly 2000 missense substitutions in the RING domain of BRCA1 on its E3 ubiquitin ligase activity and its binding to the BARD1 RING domain. From the resulting scores, we generate a model to predict the capacities of full-length BRCA1 variants to support homology-directed DNA repair, the essential role of BRCA1 in tumor suppression, and show that it outperforms widely used biological-effect prediction algorithms. We envision that massively parallel functional assays may facilitate the prospective interpretation of variants observed in clinical sequencing.

Submission Details

ID: BZrWSn9q

Submitter: Shu-Ching Ou

Submission Date: July 19, 2018, 4:56 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Starita LM;Young DL;Islam M;Kitzman JO;Gullingsrud J;Hause RJ;Fowler DM;Parvin JD;Shendure J;Fields S,Genetics (2015) Massively Parallel Functional Analysis of BRCA1 RING Domain Variants. PMID:25823446
Additional Information

Sequence Assay Result Units