Computational design and in vitro evolution are major strategies for stabilizing proteins. For the four critical positions 16, 18, 25, and 29 of the B domain of the streptococcal protein G (Gβ1), they identified the same optimal residues at positions 16 and 25, but not at 18 and 29. Here we analyzed the energetic contributions of the residues from these two approaches by single and double mutant analyses and determined crystal structures for a variant from the calculation (I16/L18/E25/K29) and from the selection (I16/I18/E25/F29). The structural analysis explains the observed differences in stabilization. Residues 16, 18, and 29 line an invagination, which results from a packing defect between the helix and the β-sheet of Gβ1. In all stabilized variants, residues with larger side-chains occur at these positions and packing is improved. In the selected variant, packing is better optimized than in the computed variant. Such differences in side-chain packing strongly affect stability but are difficult to evaluate by computation.
Submitter: Marie Ary
Submission Date: July 31, 2017, 11:46 a.m.
|Number of data points||78|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: ΔΔGD at 2 M NaCl ; Experimental Assay: ΔHD (Tm) ; Experimental Assay: ΔGD (80°C) ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH7.0 ; Derived Quantity: Coulombic contribution to ΔΔGD ; Derived Quantity: ΔΔGD at 0 M NaCl|
|Libraries||Energetic contributions of mutations at positions 16,18, 25 and 29 to stability (Table 1)|