Helix propensities are identical in proteins and peptides.


Abstract

Our understanding of the factors stabilizing alpha-helical structure has been greatly enhanced by the study of model alpha-helical peptides. However, the relationship of these results to the folding of helices in intact proteins is not well characterized. Helix propensities measured in model peptides are not in good agreement with those from proteins. In order to address these questions, we have measured helix propensities in the alpha-helix of ribonuclease T1 and a helical peptide of identical sequence. We have previously demonstrated excellent agreement between peptide and protein for the nonpolar amino acids [Myers, J. K., Pace, C. N., and Scholtz, J. M. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94, 2833-2837]. Most other amino acids also show good agreement, although certain polar amino acids are exceptions. Helix propensities measured in the ribonuclease T1 peptide/protein are compared with those measured in other systems. Reasonable agreement is found between most systems; however, our propensities differ substantially from those measured in several model peptide systems. Alanine-based peptides overestimate the propensity differences by a factor of 2, and host/guest experiments underestimate them by a factor of 2-3. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2339, 2340, 2341, 2342, 2343, 2344, 2345, 2346, 2347, 2348, 2349, 2350, 2351, 2352, 2353, 2354, 2355, 2356, 2357, 2358, 2359, 2360, 2361, 2362, 2363 Extra Details: ddG values are relative to pseudo wild type Ribonuclease T1, (G23A) Ribonuclease T1; alpha-helical; Helix propensities; peptides

Submission Details

ID: BGBXo7PJ

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Myers JK;Pace CN;Scholtz JM,Biochemistry (1997) Helix propensities are identical in proteins and peptides. PMID:9283083
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR