A test of the linear extrapolation of unfolding free energy changes over an extended denaturant concentration range.


Guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) and thermally induced unfolding measurements on the oxidized form of Escherichia coli thioredoxin at pH 7 were combined for the purpose of assessing the functional dependence of unfolding free energy changes on denaturant concentration over an extended GdnHCl concentration range. Conventional analysis of GdnHCl unfolding exhibits a linear plot of unfolding delta G vs [GdnHCl] in the transition zone. In order to extend unfolding delta G measurements outside of that narrow concentration range, thermal unfolding measurements were performed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in the presence of low to moderate concentrations of GdnHCl. The unfolding delta G values from the DSC measurements were corrected to 25 degrees C using the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation and mapped onto the delta G vs [GdnHCl] plot. The dependence of unfolding delta G on [GdnHCl] was found to be linear over the full denaturant concentration range, provided that the chloride ion concentration was kept at a threshold of greater than or equal to 1.5 M. In the DSC experiments performed in the presence of GdnHCl, chloride concentrations were maintained at 1.5 M by addition of appropriate amounts of NaCl. The linear extrapolation method (LEM) gives an unfolding free energy change in the absence of denaturant (delta G degrees N-U) in excellent agreement with the delta G determined by DSC measurement in 1.5 M NaCl. The various methods give a consensus unfolding delta G value of 8.0 kcal/mol at 25 degrees C in the absence of denaturant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 4186, 4187, 4188 Extra Details: functional dependence; transition zone;,Gibbs-Helmholtz equation; N-U equilibrium

Submission Details

ID: B4DbMy7B4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:24 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Santoro MM;Bolen DW,Biochemistry (1992) A test of the linear extrapolation of unfolding free energy changes over an extended denaturant concentration range. PMID:1591250
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA27 THIO_ECO57
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA26 THIO_ECOL6
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA25 THIO_ECOLI
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA29 THIO_SALTI
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA28 THIO_SALTY
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA30 THIO_SHIFL