From two-state to three-state: the effect of the P61A mutation on the dynamics and stability of the factor for inversion stimulation results in an altered equilibrium denaturation mechanism.


Abstract

Factor for inversion stimulation (FIS) is a 22 kDa homodimeric protein found in enteric bacteria that is involved in the stimulation of certain DNA recombination events and transcription regulation of many genes. FIS has a central helix with a 20 degrees kink, which is only reduced by 4 degrees after a proline 61 to alanine mutation (P61A). This mutation appears to have little effect on FIS function, yet it is striking that proline 61 is highly conserved among fis genes. Therefore, we studied the role of proline 61 on the stability and flexibility of FIS. The urea-induced equilibrium denaturation of P61A FIS was monitored by circular dichroism and fluorescence anisotropy. Despite the apparent two-state transition, the concentration dependence of the transition slope (m value) shows that a two-state model, as seen for wild-type (WT) FIS, did not adequately describe the denaturation of P61A FIS. Global fitting of the data indicates that the denaturation of P61A FIS occurs via a three-state process involving a dimeric intermediate and has an overall DeltaG(H2O) for unfolding of 18.6 kcal/mol, 4 kcal/mol higher than that for WT FIS. Limited trypsin proteolysis experiments show that the DNA binding C-terminus of P61A FIS is more labile to cleavage than that of WT FIS, suggesting an increased flexibility of this region in P61A FIS. In contrast, the resulting dimeric core (residues 6-71) of P61A FIS is more resistant to proteolysis, consistent with the presence of a dimeric intermediate not seen in WT FIS. Model transition curves generated using the parameters obtained by global fitting predicted a two-state-like transition at low P61A concentrations that becomes less cooperative with increasing protein concentration, as was experimentally observed. At concentrations of P61A FIS much higher than are experimentally feasible, a biphasic transition is predicted. Thus, this work demonstrates that a single mutation may be sufficient to alter a protein's denaturation mechanism and underscores the importance of analyzing the denaturation mechanism of oligomeric proteins over a wide concentration range. These results suggest that proline 61 in FIS may be conserved in order to optimize the global stability and the dynamics of the functionally important C-terminus. Study holds ProTherm entries: 15643, 15644, 15645, 15646, 15647, 15648, 15649, 15650, 15651, 15652 Extra Details: Far-UV CD Factor for inversion stimulation; FIS function; dimeric intermediate; flexibility; biphasic transition

Submission Details

ID: Aw9Njerb

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:46 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Hobart SA;Meinhold DW;Osuna R;Colón W,Biochemistry (2002) From two-state to three-state: the effect of the P61A mutation on the dynamics and stability of the factor for inversion stimulation results in an altered equilibrium denaturation mechanism. PMID:12427037
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