Tyrosine hydrogen bonds make a large contribution to protein stability.


Abstract

The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the contribution of hydrogen bonds by tyrosine -OH groups to protein stability. The amino acid sequences of RNases Sa and Sa3 are 69 % identical and each contains eight Tyr residues with seven at equivalent structural positions. We have measured the stability of the 16 tyrosine to phenylalanine mutants. For two equivalent mutants, the stability increases by 0.3 kcal/mol (RNase Sa Y30F) and 0.5 kcal/mol (RNase Sa3 Y33F) (1 kcal=4.184 kJ). For all of the other mutants, the stability decreases with the greatest decrease being 3.6 kcal/mol for RNase Sa Y52F. Seven of the 16 tyrosine residues form intramolecular hydrogen bonds and the average decrease in stability for these is 2.0(+/-1.0) kcal/mol. For the nine tyrosine residues that do not form intramolecular hydrogen bonds, the average decrease in stability is 0.4(+/-0.6) kcal/mol. Thus, most tyrosine -OH groups contribute favorably to protein stability even if they do not form intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Generally, the stability changes for equivalent positions in the two proteins are remarkably similar. Crystal structures were determined for two of the tyrosine to phenylalanine mutants of RNase Sa: Y80F (1.2 A), and Y86F (1.7 A). The structures are very similar to that of wild-type RNase Sa, and the hydrogen bonding partners of the tyrosine residues always form intermolecular hydrogen bonds to water in the mutants. These results provide further evidence that the hydrogen bonding and van der Waals interactions of polar groups in the tightly packed interior of folded proteins are more favorable than similar interactions with water in the unfolded protein, and that polar group burial makes a substantial contribution to protein stability. Study holds ProTherm entries: 11549, 11550, 11551, 11552, 11553, 11554, 11555, 11556, 11557, 11558, 11559, 11560, 11561, 11562, 11563, 11564 Extra Details: protein folding; protein stability; hydrogen bonding;,ribonucleases; tyrosine

Submission Details

ID: AsPJ3svQ

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:42 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Pace CN;Horn G;Hebert EJ;Bechert J;Shaw K;Urbanikova L;Scholtz JM;Sevcik J,J. Mol. Biol. (2001) Tyrosine hydrogen bonds make a large contribution to protein stability. PMID:11554795
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1C54 2001-11-28 SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE SA
1LNI 2002-07-31 1.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF A RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS AT ATOMIC RESOLUTION (1.0 A)
1T2H 2004-12-21 1.0 Y81W mutant of RNase Sa from Streptomyces aureofaciens
1T2I 2004-12-21 1.1 T76W mutant of RNase Sa from Streptomyces aureofaciens
4GHO 2013-08-14 1.1 Crystal Structure Analysis of Streptomyces aureofaciens Ribonuclease S24A mutant
1ZGX 2006-08-08 1.13 Crystal structure of ribonuclease mutant
1RGE 1996-10-14 1.15 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1RGH 1996-10-14 1.2 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1YNV 2005-07-19 1.2 Asp79 makes a large, unfavorable contribution to the stability of RNase Sa
1RGG 1996-10-14 1.2 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
1RGF 1996-10-14 1.2 HYDROLASE, GUANYLORIBONUCLEASE
4J5K 2014-05-28 1.23 Crystal structure analysis of Streptomyces aureofaciens ribonuclease Sa Y51F mutant
1I8V 2001-09-19 1.25 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RNASE SA Y80F MUTANT
4J5G 2014-05-28 1.31 Crystal structure analysis of Streptomyces aureofaciens ribonuclease Sa T95A mutant
3A5E 2010-08-04 1.6 Crystal structure of 5K RNase Sa
1BOX 1999-12-29 1.6 N39S MUTANT OF RNASE SA FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS
1MGR 2003-02-04 1.7 Crystal structure of RNase Sa3,cytotoxic microbial ribonuclease
1AY7 1999-03-02 1.7 RIBONUCLEASE SA COMPLEX WITH BARSTAR
1GMP 1993-10-31 1.7 COMPLEX OF RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS WITH 2'-GMP AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1I70 2001-09-19 1.7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RNASE SA Y86F MUTANT
1GMR 1993-10-31 1.77 COMPLEX OF RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS WITH 2'-GMP AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1UCI 2003-09-09 1.8 Mutants of RNase Sa
1GMQ 1993-10-31 1.8 COMPLEX OF RIBONUCLEASE FROM STREPTOMYCES AUREOFACIENS WITH 2'-GMP AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1SAR 1992-04-15 1.8 DETERMINATION AND RESTRAINED LEAST-SQUARES REFINEMENT OF THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RIBONUCLEASE SA AND ITS COMPLEX WITH 3'-GUANYLIC ACID AT 1.8 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
2SAR 1992-04-15 1.8 DETERMINATION AND RESTRAINED LEAST-SQUARES REFINEMENT OF THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RIBONUCLEASE SA AND ITS COMPLEX WITH 3'-GUANYLIC ACID AT 1.8 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1UCK 2003-09-09 1.8 Mutants of RNase Sa
1UCJ 2003-09-09 1.81 Mutants of RNase Sa
1UCL 2003-09-09 1.82 Mutants of RNase Sa
1RSN 1995-12-07 2.0 RIBONUCLEASE (RNASE SA) (E.C.3.1.4.8) COMPLEXED WITH EXO-2',3'-CYCLOPHOSPHOROTHIOATE
1MGW 2003-02-04 2.0 Crystal structure of RNase Sa3, cytotoxic microbial ribonuclease

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease Sa P05798 RNSA_KITAU
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease Sa3 P30289 RNS3_KITAU