Tryptophan-19 of beta-lactoglobulin, the only residue completely conserved in the lipocalin superfamily, is not essential for binding retinol, but relevant to stabilizing bound retinol and maintaining its structure.


Abstract

Residue 19 of tryptophan in bovine beta-lactoglobulin (beta-LG) is the only invariant residue throughout the lipocalin superfamily having two characteristic features: binding ability for small hydrophobic molecules and the unique beta-barrel three-dimensional structure. In this study, we investigated whether this strictly conserved Trp-19 of beta-LG would be indispensable for its structure and function such as maintaining the molecular structure and biological activity of beta-LG. Spectroscopic and enzymatic oxidation experiments on retinol bound to W19Y, in which Tyr was substituted for Trp-19, showed that Trp-19 was not critical for this binding, but was important for stably maintaining the environment surrounding retinol and the bound retinol. An using four anti-beta-LG monoclonal antibodies as probes, revealed a structural change in region 20-29, but not in the reverse region of Trp-19. A guanidine hydrochloride-induced unfolding study showed that the conformational stability of W19Y was greatly reduced by 6.9 kcal/mol compared to that of wild-type beta-LG. These facts indicated that Trp-19 is one of the important residues in correctly maintaining the local structure of beta-LG and stably retaining its overall structure, thereby conserving the bound retinol molecule. Study holds ProTherm entries: 7256, 7257 Extra Details: NaN3(0.02%) was added in the experiment

Submission Details

ID: AMnKvqrq3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:33 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Katakura Y;Totsuka M;Ametani A;Kaminogawa S,Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1994) Tryptophan-19 of beta-lactoglobulin, the only residue completely conserved in the lipocalin superfamily, is not essential for binding retinol, but relevant to stabilizing bound retinol and maintaining its structure. PMID:8043610
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