Tryptophan to phenylalanine substitutions allow differentiation of short- and long-range conformational changes during denaturation of goat alpha-lactalbumin.


Abstract

To test the occurrence of local particularities during the unfolding of Ca2+-loaded goat alpha-lactalbumin (GLA) we replaced Trp60 and -118, either one or both, by Phe. In contrast with alternative studies, our recombinant alpha-lactalbumins are expressed in Pichia pastoris and do not contain the extra N-terminal methionine. The substitution of Trp60 leads to a reduction of the global stability. The effect of the Trp118Phe substitution on the conformation and stability of the mutant, however, is negligible. Comparison of the fluorescence spectra of these mutants makes clear that Trp60 and -118 are strongly quenched in the native state. They both contribute to the quenching of Trp26 and -104 emission. By the interplay of these quenching effects, the fluorescence intensity changes upon thermal unfolding of the mutants behave very differently. This is the reason for a discrepancy of the apparent transition temperatures derived from the shift of the emission maxima (Tm,Fl lambda) and those derived from DSC (Tm,DSC). However, the transition temperatures derived from fluorescence intensity (Tm,Fl int) and from DSC (Tm,DSC), respectively, are quite similar, and thus, no local rearrangements are observed upon heat-induced unfolding. At room temperature, the occurrence of specific local rearrangements upon GdnHCl-induced denaturation of the different mutants is deduced from the apparent free energies of their transition state obtained from stopped-flow fluorescence measurements. By phi-value analysis it appears that, while the surroundings of Trp118 are exposed in the kinetic transition state, the surroundings of Trp60 remain native. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19259, 19260, 19261, 19262, 19263, 19264, 19265, 19266, 19267, 19268, 19269, 19270, 19271, 19272, 19273, 19274, 19275 Extra Details: Goat alpha lactalbumin prepared from fresh milk whey; unfolding temperature is deduced from the shifts of the fluorescence wavelength Trp-Phe mutants; protein folding; thermal unfolding; chemical unfolding; circular dichroism; fluorescence; stopped-flow kinetics; differential scanning calorimetry

Submission Details

ID: AED4m5mD3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:51 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Vanhooren A;Chedad A;Farkas V;Majer Z;Joniau M;Van Dael H;Hanssens I,Proteins (2005) Tryptophan to phenylalanine substitutions allow differentiation of short- and long-range conformational changes during denaturation of goat alpha-lactalbumin. PMID:15861407
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3B0K 2012-06-13 1.6 Crystal structure of alpha-lactalbumin
1FKQ 2001-02-14 1.8 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN T29V
6IP9 2019-02-20 1.85 Crystal Structure of Lanthanum ion (La3+) bound bovine alpha-lactalbumin
1FKV 2001-02-14 2.0 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN T29I
1HMK 1999-11-26 2.0 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1F6S 2000-12-13 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BOVINE ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1F6R 2000-12-13 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF APO-BOVINE ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
2G4N 2007-02-20 2.3 Anomalous substructure of alpha-lactalbumin
1HFY 1997-07-07 2.3 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1HFZ 1997-07-29 2.3 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
94.4 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSR4 LALBA_BOSMU
95.1 Alpha-lactalbumin P00711 LALBA_BOVIN
96.5 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSN6 LALBA_BUBBU
97.9 Alpha-lactalbumin P09462 LALBA_SHEEP
100.0 Alpha-lactalbumin P00712 LALBA_CAPHI