Importance of a conserved phenylalanine-35 of cytochrome b5 to the protein's stability and redox potential.


Abstract

Phenylalanine-35, which is a residue of the hydrophobic patch on the surface of cytochrome b5, has been mutated into Tyr35, His35 and Leu35 to elucidate the functions of the Phe35 and give further insight into the roles of the hydrophobic patch and/or aromatic network. The effects of these mutations on the heme environment, denaturation towards heating and the denaturant urea, redox potential and stability of protein were studied. The relative stability of cytochrome b5 and its mutants towards heating has the order Phe35Tyr > wild type > Phe35Leu > Phe35His in the oxidized state and wild type > Phe35Tyr > Phe35Leu > Phe35His in the reduced state. All the mutants exhibit decreased reduction potentials: Phe35Tyr -66 mV, Phe35His -51 mV and Phe35Leu -28 mV, which are more negative than that of the wild type. The order of redox potential reflects the relative stability in the oxidized and reduced states. A method of producing multiple mutants at a single site of a gene is also described for the first time. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3107, 3108, 3109, 3110, 3111, 3112, 3113, 14154, 14155, 14156 Extra Details: Ru(NH3)6Cl3 (0.01 mM) was added in the experiment cytochrome b5; phenylalanine; hydrophobic patch;,protein stability; redox potential

Submission Details

ID: 9Qn6RgsW

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:21 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Yao P;Xie Y;Wang YH;Sun YL;Huang ZX;Xiao GT;Wang SD,Protein Eng. (1997) Importance of a conserved phenylalanine-35 of cytochrome b5 to the protein's stability and redox potential. PMID:9215576
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
2I96 2006-09-05T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of the oxidized microsomal human cytochrome b5
1DO9 1999-12-20T00:00:00+0000 0 SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF OXIDIZED MICROSOMAL RABBIT CYTOCHROME B5. FACTORS DETERMINING THE HETEROGENEOUS BINDING OF THE HEME.
2M33 2013-01-08T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution NMR structure of full-length oxidized microsomal rabbit cytochrome b5
3X32 2015-01-14T00:00:00+0000 0.83 Crystal structure of the oxidized form of the solubilized domain of porcine cytochrome b5 in form 1 crystal
3X33 2015-01-14T00:00:00+0000 0.93 Crystal structure of the oxidized form of the solubilized domain of porcine cytochrome b5 in form 2 crystal
3X34 2015-01-14T00:00:00+0000 0.76 Crystal structure of the reduced form of the solubilized domain of porcine cytochrome b5 in form 1 crystal
3X35 2015-01-14T00:00:00+0000 0.95 Crystal structure of the reduced form of the solubilized domain of porcine cytochrome b5 in form 2 crystal
1AQA 1997-07-28T00:00:00+0000 0 SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF REDUCED MICROSOMAL RAT CYTOCHROME B5, NMR, MINIMIZED AVERAGE STRUCTURE
1AW3 1997-10-09T00:00:00+0000 0 THE SOLUTION NMR STRUCTURE OF OXIDIZED RAT MICROSOMAL CYTOCHROME B5, MINIMIZED AVERAGE STRUCTURE
1AXX 1997-10-22T00:00:00+0000 0 THE SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF OXIDIZED RAT MICROSOMAL CYTOCHROME B5, NMR, 19 STRUCTURES

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
92.9 Cytochrome b5 P00168 CYB5_ALOSE
90.2 Cytochrome b5 P56395 CYB5_MOUSE
91.3 Cytochrome b5 P00173 CYB5_RAT
90.2 Cytochrome b5 P00167 CYB5_HUMAN
91.3 Cytochrome b5 P00169 CYB5_RABIT
91.3 Cytochrome b5 P00170 CYB5_HORSE
96.7 Cytochrome b5 P00172 CYB5_PIG
100.0 Cytochrome b5 P00171 CYB5_BOVIN