Sequence conservation provides the best prediction of the role of proline residues in p13suc1.


Abstract

The unique nature of the proline side-chain imposes severe constraints on the polypeptide backbone, and thus it seems likely that it plays a special structural or functional role in the architecture of proteins. We have investigated the role of proline residues in suc1, a member of the cyclin-dependent kinase (cks) family of proteins, whose known function is to bind to and regulate the activity of the major mitotic cdk. The effect on stability of mutation to alanine of all but two of the eight proline residues is correlated with their conservation within the family. The remaining two proline residues are located in the hinge loop between two beta-strands that mediates a domain-swapping process involving exchange of a beta-strand between two monomers to form a dimer pair. Mutation of these proline residues to alanine stabilises the protein. cdk binding is unaffected by these mutations, but dimerisation is altered. We propose, therefore, that the double-proline motif is conserved for the purpose of domain swapping, which suggests that this phenomenon plays a role in the function of cks proteins. Thus, the conservation of the proline residues is a good indicator of their roles in suc1, either in the stabilisation of the native state or in performing functions that are as yet unknown. In addition, the strain resulting from two of the proline residues was relieved successfully by mutation of the preceeding residue to glycine, suggesting a general method for designing more stable proteins. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10219, 10220, 10221, 10222, 10223, 10224, 10225, 10226, 10227, 10228, 10229, 10230, 10231, 10232, 10233, 10234, 10235 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(1 mM), proline; protein engineering; protein stability; domain swapping

Submission Details

ID: 9Bk2jtHe

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Schymkowitz JW;Rousseau F;Itzhaki LS,J. Mol. Biol. (2000) Sequence conservation provides the best prediction of the role of proline residues in p13suc1. PMID:10926502
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1PUC 1996-04-03 1.95 P13SUC1 IN A STRAND-EXCHANGED DIMER
1SCE 1996-01-29 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE CELL CYCLE REGULATORY PROTEIN SUC1 REVEALS A NOVEL BETA-HINGE CONFORMATIONAL SWITCH

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit P08463 CKS1_SCHPO