Unfolding pathway in red kidney bean acid phosphatase is dependent on ligand binding.


Abstract

Structural basis for ligand-induced protein stabilization was investigated in the case of an acid phosphatase (red kidney bean purple acid phosphatase (KBPAP)) from red kidney bean. Phosphate, a physiological ligand, increases the stability against solvent denaturation by 3.5 kcal/mol. Generality of phosphate stabilization was shown by similar effects with other KBPAP ligands viz. adenosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate), a nonhydrolyzable ligand, and arsenate, an inhibitor. The dissociation constant of phosphate obtained from denaturation curves matches with the dissociation constant estimated by conventional methods. The guanidinium chloride-mediated denaturation of KBPAP was monitored by several structural and functional parameters viz. activity, tryptophan fluorescence, 8-anilinonaphthalene 1-sulfonic acid binding, circular dichroism, and size exclusion chromatography, in the presence and absence of 10 mm phosphate. In the presence of phosphate, profiles of all the parameters shift to a higher guanidinium chloride concentration. Noncoincidence of these profiles in the absence of phosphate indicates multistate unfolding pathway for KBPAP; however, in the presence of phosphate, KBPAP unfolds with a single intermediate. Based on the crystal structure, we propose that the Arg258 may have an important role to play in stabilization mediated by phosphate. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5240 Extra Details:

Submission Details

ID: 8WNXWjTo

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:29 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Cashikar AG;Rao NM,J. Biol. Chem. (1996) Unfolding pathway in red kidney bean acid phosphatase is dependent on ligand binding. PMID:8617740
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