The introduction of extended-spectrum cephalosporins and β-lactamase inhibitors has driven the evolution of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) that possess the ability to hydrolyze these drugs. The evolved TEM ESBLs from clinical isolates of bacteria often contain substitutions that occur in the active site and alter the catalytic properties of the enzyme to provide an increased hydrolysis of extended-spectrum cephalosporins or an increased resistance to inhibitors. These active-site substitutions often result in a cost in the form of reduced enzyme stability. The evolution of TEM ESBLs is facilitated by mutations that act as global suppressors of protein stability defects in that they allow the enzyme to absorb multiple amino acid changes despite incremental losses in stability associated with the substitutions. The best-studied example is the M182T substitution, which corrects protein stability defects and is commonly found in TEM ESBLs or inhibitor-resistant variants from clinical isolates. In this study, a genetic selection for second-site mutations that could partially restore function to a severely destabilized primary mutant enabled the identification of A184V, T265M, R275Q, and N276D, which are known to occur in TEM ESBLs from clinical isolates, as suppressors of TEM-1 protein stability defects. Further characterization demonstrated that these substitutions increased the thermal stability of TEM-1 and were able to correct the stability defects of two different sets of destabilizing mutations. The acquisition of compensatory global suppressors of stability costs associated with active-site mutations may be a common mechanism for the evolution of novel protein function.
Submitter: Shu-Ching Ou
Submission Date: Nov. 27, 2018, 11:07 a.m.
|Number of data points||158|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Kinetic Constant: Km ; Experimental Assay: Kinetic Constant: kcat ; Experimental Assay: IC90: Ampicillin resistance levels of E. coli cells containing TEM-1 β-lactamase ; Experimental Assay: Thermal Stability: Tm ; Derived Quantity: Kinetic Constant: kcat/Km ; Derived Quantity: SD of Kinetic Constant: Km ; Derived Quantity: SD of Kinetic Constant: kcat ; Derived Quantity: Thermal Stability: ΔTm ; Derived Quantity: SD of Thermal Stability: Tm|
|Libraries||Variants for Beta-lactamase-TEM_Cefotaxime ; Variants for Beta-lactamase-TEM_Nitrocefin ; Variants for Beta-lactamase-TEM_Ampicillin ; Variants for Beta-lactamases TEM|