Thermal stability of the three domains of streptokinase studied by circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance.


Abstract

Streptococcus equisimilis streptokinase (SK) is a single-chain protein of 414 residues that is used extensively in the clinical treatment of acute myocardial infarction due to its ability to activate human plasminogen (Plg). The mechanism by which this occurs is poorly understood due to the lack of structural details concerning both molecules and their complex. We reported recently (Parrado J et al., 1996, Protein Sci 5:693-704) that SK is composed of three structural domains (A, B, and C) with a C-terminal tail that is relatively unstructured. Here, we report thermal unfolding experiments, monitored by CD and NMR, using samples of intact SK, five isolated SK fragments, and two two-chain noncovalent complexes between complementary fragments of the protein. These experiments have allowed the unfolding processes of specific domains of the protein to be monitored and their relative stabilities and interdomain interactions to be characterized. Results demonstrate that SK can exist in a number of partially unfolded states, in which individual domains of the protein behave as single cooperative units. Domain B unfolds cooperatively in the first thermal transition at approximately 46 degrees C and its stability is largely independent of the presence of the other domains. The high-temperature transition in intact SK (at approximately 63 degrees C) corresponds to the unfolding of both domains A and C. Thermal stability of domain C is significantly increased by its isolation from the rest of the chain. By contrast, cleavage of the Phe 63-Ala 64 peptide bond within domain A causes thermal destabilization of this domain. The two resulting domain portions (A1 and A2) adopt unstructured conformations when separated. A1 binds with high affinity to all fragments that contain the A2 portion, with a concomitant restoration of the native-like fold of domain A. This result demonstrates that the mechanism whereby A1 stimulates the plasminogen activator activities of complementary SK fragments is the reconstitution of the native-like structure of domain A. Study holds ProTherm entries: 11282, 11283, 11284, 11285, 11286, 11287, 11288, 11289, 11290 Extra Details: transition 1 circular dichroism; domains; fibrinolysis; NMR; protein fragment; streptokinase;,thermal stability

Submission Details

ID: 7Xx97Zt7

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:42 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Conejero-Lara F;Parrado J;Azuaga AI;Smith RA;Ponting CP;Dobson CM,Protein Sci. (1996) Thermal stability of the three domains of streptokinase studied by circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance. PMID:8976567
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1L4D 2002-12-11 2.3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF MICROPLASMINOGEN-STREPTOKINASE ALPHA DOMAIN COMPLEX
1QQR 1999-06-17 2.3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF STREPTOKINASE DOMAIN B
1L4Z 2002-12-11 2.8 X-RAY CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE COMPLEX OF MICROPLASMINOGEN WITH ALPHA DOMAIN OF STREPTOKINASE IN THE PRESENCE CADMIUM IONS
1BML 1999-08-02 2.9 COMPLEX OF THE CATALYTIC DOMAIN OF HUMAN PLASMIN AND STREPTOKINASE

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
98.2 Streptokinase C P10519 STRP_STRS1
100.0 Streptokinase C P00779 STRP_STREQ
90.6 Streptokinase C P10520 STRP_STRP1