A hydrophobic cluster forms early in the folding of dihydrofolate reductase.


Abstract

The rapid kinetic phase that leads from unfolded species to transient folding intermediates in dihydrofolate reductase from Escherichia coli was examined by site-directed mutagenesis and by physicochemical means. The absence of this fluorescence-detected phase in the refolding of the Trp-74Phe mutant protein strongly implies that this early phase in refolding can be assigned to just one of the five Trp residues in the protein, Trp-74. In addition, water-soluble fluorescence quenching agents, iodide and cesium, have a much less significant effect on this early step in refolding than on the slower phases that lead to native and native-like conformers. These and other data imply that an important early event in the folding of dihydrofolate reductase is the formation of a hydrophobic cluster which protects Trp-74 from solvent. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10792, 10793 Extra Details: additive : 2-mercaptethanol(1 mM), protein folding; folding intermediates; hydrophobic effect;,tryptophan fluorescence; site-directed mutagenesis

Submission Details

ID: 6gpxRwNz

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:40 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Garvey EP;Swank J;Matthews CR,Proteins (1989) A hydrophobic cluster forms early in the folding of dihydrofolate reductase. PMID:2622906
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
6CW7 2018-03-30T00:00:00+0000 1.03 E. coli DHFR product complex with (6S)-5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROFOLATE
6CXK 2018-04-03T00:00:00+0000 1.11 E. coli DHFR substrate complex with Dihydrofolate
6CYV 2018-04-06T00:00:00+0000 1.3 E. coli DHFR ternary complex with NADP and dihydrofolate
1DDR 1995-06-29T00:00:00+0000 2.45 MOLECULE: DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE (E.C.1.5.1.3) COMPLEXED WITH METHOTREXATE AND UREA
1DDS 1995-06-29T00:00:00+0000 2.2 MOLECULE: DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE (E.C.1.5.1.3) COMPLEXED WITH METHOTREXATE
1DHI 1993-10-29T00:00:00+0000 1.9 LONG-RANGE STRUCTURAL EFFECTS IN A SECOND-SITE REVERTANT OF A MUTANT DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE
1DHJ 1993-10-29T00:00:00+0000 1.8 LONG-RANGE STRUCTURAL EFFECTS IN A SECOND-SITE REVERTANT OF A MUTANT DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE
1DRA 1991-11-06T00:00:00+0000 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF UNLIGANDED ESCHERICHIA COLI DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE. LIGAND-INDUCED CONFORMATIONAL CHANGES AND COOPERATIVITY IN BINDING
1DRB 1991-11-06T00:00:00+0000 1.96 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF UNLIGANDED ESCHERICHIA COLI DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE. LIGAND-INDUCED CONFORMATIONAL CHANGES AND COOPERATIVITY IN BINDING
1DRE 1996-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.6 DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE COMPLEXED WITH METHOTREXATE AND NICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE (OXIDIZED FORM)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.8 Dihydrofolate reductase P31074 DYR_KLEAE
96.2 Dihydrofolate reductase P31073 DYR_CITFR
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ6 DYR_SHIFL
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ4 DYR_ECOLI
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ5 DYR_ECOL6