Comparison of denaturation by guanidine hydrochloride of the wild type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit of Escherichia coli and two mutant protein (Glu 49 replaced by Met or Gln).


Abstract

In order to elucidate the roles of individual amino acid residues in the conformational stability of proteins, the denaturation by guanidine hydrochloride of the wild-type trytophan synthase alpha-subunit of Escherichia coli and two mutant proteins, trpA33 (Glu 49 leads to Met) and trpA11 (Glu 49 leads to Gln), has been compared by means of CD measurements at pH 7.0 and various temperatures. CD spectra of the two mutant proteins were similar to that of the wild-type protein. The trpA33 and the trpA11 proteins were more and less resistant, respectively, to guanidine hydrochloride than the wild-type protein at 9.7 to 49.6 degrees C. The free energy change of unfolding in water delta delta Gnd H2O, was evaluated assuming a three state denaturation, since the denaturation curves of three proteins suggested the presence of one stable intermediate. The values of delta Gnd H2O for the trpA33, the wild-type, and the trpA11 proteins at 25.8 degrees C and pH 7.0 were 13.4,8.8, and 6.3 kcal/mol, respectively. The delta Gnd H2O of the trpA11 protein was almost independent of temperature, though that of the trpA33 protein was remarkably dependent on temperature. The conformation stabilities of the three proteins were correlated with the hydrophobicities of the substituted amino acid residues. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2476, 2477, 2478 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.1 mM), conformational stability; hydrophobicity; Escherichia coli;,alpha subunits of tryptophan synthase; free energy

Submission Details

ID: 6estGvSF4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:19 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Yutani K;Ogasahara K;Suzuki M;Sugino Y,J. Biochem. (1979) Comparison of denaturation by guanidine hydrochloride of the wild type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit of Escherichia coli and two mutant protein (Glu 49 replaced by Met or Gln). PMID:378988
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1XCF 2004-11-02 1.8 Crystal structure of P28L/Y173F tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli
1WQ5 2005-02-15 2.3 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli
1V7Y 2005-02-15 2.5 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli at room temperature
1XC4 2004-11-02 2.8 Crystal structure of wild-type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LS20 TRPA_ESCF3
97.8 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7NVN0 TRPA_ECO7I
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1LH32 TRPA_ECOSM
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7N473 TRPA_ECOLU
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0TIB0 TRPA_ECOL5
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7MU99 TRPA_ECO81
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7UR66 TRPA_ECO27
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q1RCA7 TRPA_ECOUT
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A1AAN0 TRPA_ECOK1
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7ML76 TRPA_ECO45
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B5YZP0 TRPA_ECO5E
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8X7B5 TRPA_ECO57
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q32GT0 TRPA_SHIDS
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q3Z108 TRPA_SHISS
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0T5D6 TRPA_SHIF8
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q31ZV3 TRPA_SHIBS
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8FHW0 TRPA_ECOL6
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B2U0F1 TRPA_SHIB3
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZL78 TRPA_ECO24
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7L492 TRPA_ECO55
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B6I9X4 TRPA_ECOSE
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LY16 TRPA_ECO8A
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A878 TRPA_SHIFL
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A877 TRPA_ECOLI
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1ITJ5 TRPA_ECOLC
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZZJ6 TRPA_ECOHS
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1XBK9 TRPA_ECODH
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain C4ZTV3 TRPA_ECOBW