Evidence for a two-state transition in the folding process of the activation domain of human procarboxypeptidase A2.


The activation domain of human procarboxypeptidase A2 (ADA2h), a globular open-sandwich alpha + beta domain with 80 residues and no disulfide bridges, has been studied by thermodynamic and kinetic analysis. Equilibrium denaturation by urea or temperature is fully reversible at pH 7.0 and fits to a two-state transition. The Gibbs energy of unfolding extrapolated to null concentration of chemical denaturant, delta GH2O, at pH 7.0 and 298 K, is calculated to be 17.0 +/- 1 kJ mol-1, which is within experimental error of the value determined by differential scanning calorimetry, 15.1 +/- 2 kJ mol-1. Kinetics of unfolding and refolding followed by fluorescence do not show the presence of any kinetic intermediate accumulating in the folding reaction. A value for delta GH2O of 17.9 +/- 0.7 kJ mol-1 can be extrapolated from the kinetic data. All these data indicate that the folding pathway of this domain is consistent with a two-state model (with the exception of the cis-Pro intermediates). More importantly, the analysis of this and several other small domains or proteins supports the hypothesis that stable kinetic folding intermediates are not necessary for a protein to fold. There seems to be a relationship between the size of a protein and the presence of stable kinetic intermediates. Globular proteins with less than 80 residues and no disulfide bonds follow a two-state transition, while proteins larger than 100 residues present stable kinetic folding intermediates. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4928 Extra Details: open-sandwich alpha + beta domain; kinetic intermediate;,folding reaction; two-state model

Submission Details

ID: 5zYmsvLu3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:27 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Villegas V;Azuaga A;Catasús L;Reverter D;Mateo PL;Avilés FX;Serrano L,Biochemistry (1995) Evidence for a two-state transition in the folding process of the activation domain of human procarboxypeptidase A2. PMID:7578124
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Carboxypeptidase A2 P48052 CBPA2_HUMAN