Crevice-forming mutants of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor: stability changes and new hydrophobic surface.


Abstract

Four mutants of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) with replacements in the rigid core result in the creation of deep crevices on the surface of the protein. Other than crevices at the site of the mutation, few other differences are observed in the crystal structures of wild-type BPTI and the mutants F22A, Y23A, N43G, and F45A. These mutants are highly destabilized relative to wild type (WT). The differences between WT and mutants in the free energy change associated with cooperative folding/unfolding, delta delta G0 (WT-->mut), have been measured by calorimetry, and they are in good agreement with delta delta G0(WT-->mut) values from hydrogen exchange rates. For F22A the change in free energy difference is about 1.7 kcal/mol at 25 degrees C; for the other three mutants it is in the range of 5-7 kcal/mol at 25 degrees C. The experimental delta delta G0(WT-->mut) values of F22A, Y23A, and F45A are reasonably well accounted for as the sum of two terms: the difference in transfer free energy change, and a contribution from exposure to solvent of new surface (Eriksson, A.E., et al., 1992, Science 255, 178-183), if the recently corrected transfer free energies and surface hydrophobicities (De Young, L. & Dill, K., 1990, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 801-809; Sharp, K.A., et al., 1991a, Science 252, 106-109) are used and only nonpolar surface is taken into account. In N43G, three protein-protein hydrogen bonds are replaced by protein-water hydrogen bonds.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 1727, 1728, 1729, 1730, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1738 Extra Details: BPTI; crystal structure; hydrogen exchange; protein folding;,thermostability

Submission Details

ID: 5s4vq6XB4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:17 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kim KS;Tao F;Fuchs J;Danishefsky AT;Housset D;Wlodawer A;Woodward C,Protein Sci. (1993) Crevice-forming mutants of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor: stability changes and new hydrophobic surface. PMID:7686069
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1AAL 1992-04-09T00:00:00+0000 1.6 STRUCTURAL EFFECTS INDUCED BY MUTAGENESIS AFFECTED BY CRYSTAL PACKING FACTORS: THE STRUCTURE OF A 30-51 DISULFIDE MUTANT OF BASIC PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR
1B0C 1998-11-06T00:00:00+0000 2.8 EVIDENCE OF A COMMON DECAMER IN THREE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF BPTI, CRYSTALLIZED FROM THIOCYANATE, CHLORIDE OR SULFATE
1BHC 1998-06-05T00:00:00+0000 2.7 BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR CRYSTALLIZED FROM THIOCYANATE
1BPI 1995-02-18T00:00:00+0000 1.09 THE STRUCTURE OF BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR AT 125K: DEFINITION OF CARBOXYL-TERMINAL RESIDUES GLYCINE-57 AND ALANINE-58
1BPT 1991-12-11T00:00:00+0000 2.0 CREVICE-FORMING MUTANTS OF BPTI: CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF F22A, Y23A, N43G, AND F45A
1BRB 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 2.1 CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RAT ANIONIC TRYPSIN COMPLEXED WITH THE PROTEIN INHIBITORS APPI AND BPTI
1BTH 1996-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.3 STRUCTURE OF THROMBIN COMPLEXED WITH BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR
1BTI 1991-07-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CREVICE-FORMING MUTANTS IN THE RIGID CORE OF BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR: CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF F22A, Y23A, N43G, AND F45A
1BZ5 1998-11-05T00:00:00+0000 2.58 EVIDENCE OF A COMMON DECAMER IN THREE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF BPTI, CRYSTALLIZE FROM THIOCYANATE, CHLORIDE OR SULFATE
1BZX 1998-11-05T00:00:00+0000 2.1 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ANIONIC SALMON TRYPSIN IN COMPLEX WITH BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00974 BPT1_BOVIN
91.4 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00975 IBPS_BOVIN
91.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P04815 BPT2_BOVIN