Maintenance of alpha-helical structures by phenyl rings in the active-site tyrosine triad contributes to catalysis and stability of ketosteroid isomerase from Pseudomonas putida biotype B.


Abstract

Ketosteroid isomerase (KSI) from Pseudomonas putida biotype B is a homodimeric enzyme catalyzing an allylic rearrangement of Delta5-3-ketosteroids at rates comparable with the diffusion-controlled limit. The tyrosine triad (Tyr14.Tyr55.Tyr30) forming a hydrogen-bond network in the apolar active site of KSI has been characterized in an effort to identify the roles of the phenyl rings in catalysis, stability, and unfolding of the enzyme. The replacement of Tyr14, a catalytic residue, with serine resulted in a 33-fold decrease of kcat, while the replacements of Tyr30 and Tyr55 with serine decreased kcat by 4- and 51-fold, respectively. The large decrease of kcat for Y55S could be due to the structural perturbation of alpha-helix A3, which results in the reorientation of the active-site residues as judged by the crystal structure of Y55S determined at 2.2 A resolution. Consistent with the analysis of the Y55S crystal structure, the far-UV circular dichroism spectra of Y14S, Y30S, and Y55S indicated that the elimination of the phenyl ring of the tyrosine reduced significantly the content of alpha-helices. Urea-induced equilibrium unfolding experiments revealed that the DeltaG(U)H2O values of Y14S, Y30S, and Y55S were significantly decreased by 11.9, 13.7, and 9.5 kcal/mol, respectively, as compared with that of the wild type. A characterization of the unfolding kinetics based on PhiU-value analysis indicates that the interactions mediated by the tyrosine triad in the native state are very resistant to unfolding. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the internal packing by the phenyl rings in the active-site tyrosine triad contributes to the conformational stability and catalytic activity of KSI by maintaining the structural integrity of the alpha-helices. Study holds ProTherm entries: 12234, 12235, 12236, 12237 Extra Details: 1mM EDTA and 1mM DTT as additive. hydrogen-bond network; phenyl rings; unfolding kinetics;,structural integrity; alpha-helices

Submission Details

ID: 5ogtDmf43

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:43 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Nam GH;Jang DS;Cha SS;Lee TH;Kim DH;Hong BH;Yun YS;Oh BH;Choi KY,Biochemistry (2001) Maintenance of alpha-helical structures by phenyl rings in the active-site tyrosine triad contributes to catalysis and stability of ketosteroid isomerase from Pseudomonas putida biotype B. PMID:11695900
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1C7H 2000-02-19T00:00:00+0000 2.5 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A MUTANT R75A IN KETOSTEROID ISOMERASE FROM PSEDOMONAS PUTIDA BIOTYPE B
1CQS 1999-08-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF D103E MUTANT WITH EQUILENINEOF KSI IN PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA
1DMM 1999-12-14T00:00:00+0000 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF MUTANT ENZYMES Y57F OF KETOSTEROID ISOMERASE FROM PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA BIOTYPE B
1DMN 1999-12-14T00:00:00+0000 2.05 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF MUTANT ENZYME Y32F/Y57F OF KETOSTEROID ISOMERASE FROM PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA BIOTYPE B
1DMQ 1999-12-14T00:00:00+0000 2.15 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF MUTANT ENZYME Y32F OF KETOSTEROID ISOMERASE FROM PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA BIOTYPE B
1E3R 2000-06-22T00:00:00+0000 2.5 Crystal structure of ketosteroid isomerase mutant D40N (D38N TI numbering) from Pseudomonas putida complexed with androsten-3beta-ol-17-one
1E3V 2000-06-24T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal structure of ketosteroid isomerase from Psedomonas putida complexed with deoxycholate
1E97 2000-10-10T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal structure of ketosteroid isomerase from Pseudomonas putida ; triple mutant y16f/y32f/y57f
1EA2 2000-11-03T00:00:00+0000 1.8 Pseudoreversion of the Catalytic Activity of Y14F by the Additional Tyrosine-to-Phenylalanine Substitution(s) in the Hydrogen Bond Network of Delta-5-3-Ketosteroid Isomerase from Pheudomonas putida Biotype B
1GS3 2001-12-27T00:00:00+0000 2.1 High resolution crystal structure of PI delta-5-3-Ketosteroid Isomerase mutants Y30F/Y55F/Y115F/D38N (Y32F/Y57F/Y119F/D40N, PI numbering)complexed with equilenin at 2.1 A resolution

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Steroid Delta-isomerase P07445 SDIS_PSEPU