pH-dependent stability and folding kinetics of a protein with an unusual alpha-beta topology: the C-terminal domain of the ribosomal protein L9.


Abstract

The folding kinetics and thermodynamics of the isolated C-terminal domain of the ribosomal protein L9 (CTL9) have been studied as a function of pH. CTL9 is an alpha-beta protein that contains a single beta-sheet with an unusual mixed parallel, anti-parallel topology. The folding is fully reversible and two-state over the entire pH range. Stopped-flow fluorescence and CD experiments yield the same folding rate, and the chevron plots have the characteristic V-shape expected for two-state folding. The values of DeltaG*(H2O) and the m value calculated from the kinetic experiments are in excellent agreement with the equilibrium measurements. The extrapolated initial amplitudes of both the stopped-flow fluorescence and CD measurements show that there is no detectable burst phase intermediate. The domain contains three histidine residues, two of which are largely buried in the native state. They do not participate in salt-bridges or take part in a hydrogen bonded network. NMR measurements reveal that the buried histidine residues have significantly perturbed pK(a) values in the native state. The equilibrium stability and the folding rate are found to be strongly dependent upon their ionization state. There is a linear relationship between the log of the folding rate and DeltaG* (H2O) . The protein is much more stable and folds noticeably faster at pH values above the native state pK(a) values. DeltaG*(H2O) of unfolding increases from 2.90 kcal mol(-1) at pH 5.0 to 6.40 kcal mol(-1) at pH 8.0 while the folding rate increases from 0.60 to 18.7 s(-1). Tanford linkage analysis revealed that the interactions involving the two histidine residues are largely developed in the transition state. The results are compared to other studies of the pH-dependence of folding. Study holds ProTherm entries: 14840, 14841, 14842, 14843 Extra Details: protein folding; protein stability; ribosomal protein L9; pH-dependent,folding; linkage relationship

Submission Details

ID: 5JJR9Y4L

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:45 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Sato S;Raleigh DP,J. Mol. Biol. (2002) pH-dependent stability and folding kinetics of a protein with an unusual alpha-beta topology: the C-terminal domain of the ribosomal protein L9. PMID:12051860
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1CQU 2002-04-27 SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE N-TERMINAL DOMAIN OF RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN L9
2HBA 2007-05-29 1.25 Crystal Structure of N-terminal Domain of Ribosomal Protein L9 (NTL9) K12M
2HVF 2007-06-12 1.57 Crystal Structure of N-terminal Domain of Ribosomal Protein L9 (NTL9), G34dA
2HBB 2007-05-29 1.9 Crystal Structure of the N-terminal Domain of Ribosomal Protein L9 (NTL9)
1DIV 1997-01-11 2.6 RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN L9
487D 2000-04-10 7.5 SEVEN RIBOSOMAL PROTEINS FITTED TO A CRYO-ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC MAP OF THE LARGE 50S SUBUNIT AT 7.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
95.3 50S ribosomal protein L9 Q5KU74 RL9_GEOKA
96.6 50S ribosomal protein L9 A4ITV1 RL9_GEOTN
100.0 50S ribosomal protein L9 P02417 RL9_GEOSE