A residual structure in unfolded intestinal fatty acid binding protein consists of amino acids that are neighbors in the native state.


Abstract

Much of the recent effort in protein folding has focused on the possibility that residual structures in the unfolded state may provide an initiating site for protein folding. This hypothesis is difficult to test because of the weak stability and dynamic behavior of these structures. This problem has been simplified for intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP) by incorporating fluorinated aromatic amino acids during synthesis in Escherichia coli. Only the labeled residues give signals by (19)F NMR, and the 1D spectra can be assigned in both the native and unfolded states by site-directed mutagenesis. One of the two tryptophans (W82), one of the four tyrosines (Y70), and at least four of the eight phenylalanines (including F68 and F93) of IFABP are involved in a structure that is significantly populated at concentrations of urea that unfold the native structure by fluorescence and CD criteria. These residues are nonlocal in sequence and also contact each other in the native structure. Thus, a template of nativelike hydrophobic contacts in the unfolded state may serve as an initiating site for folding this beta-sheet protein. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19850, 19851, 19852, 19853, 19854, 19855, 19856, 19857, 19858, 19859, 19860, 19861 Extra Details: 0.1 mM EDTA was added in the experiment; residual structures; protein folding; fluorinated aromatic amino acids; dynamic behavior; hydrophobic contacts

Submission Details

ID: 57d3LhhL3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:52 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ropson IJ;Boyer JA;Dalessio PM,Biochemistry (2006) A residual structure in unfolded intestinal fatty acid binding protein consists of amino acids that are neighbors in the native state. PMID:16489754
Additional Information

Sequence Assay Result Units