Thermodynamics of loop formation in the denatured state of rhodopseudomonas palustris cytochrome c': scaling exponents and the reconciliation problem.


Abstract

The observation that denatured proteins yield scaling exponents, nu, consistent with random-coil behavior and yet can also have pockets of residual or nonrandom structure has been termed the "reconciliation problem". To provide greater insight into the denatured state of a foldable sequence, we have measured histidine-heme loop formation equilibria in the denatured state of a class II c-type cytochrome, cytochrome c' from Rhodopseudomonas palustris. We have prepared a series of variants that provide His-heme loop stabilities, pK(loop)(His), for loop sizes ranging from 10 to 111 residues at intervals of 7 to 11 residues along the sequence of the protein. We observe a scaling exponent for loop formation, nu(3), of 2.5+/-0.3. Theoretical values for nu(3) range from 1.8 to 2.4; thus, the observed nu(3) is consistent with random-coil behavior. However, in contrast to data for loop formation as a function of loop size obtained with peptides of homogeneous sequence, we observe considerable scatter about the linear dependence of loop stability on loop size. Thus, foldable sequences behave very differently from homogeneous peptide sequences. The observed scatter suggests that there is considerable variation in the conformational properties along the backbone of a foldable sequence, consistent with alternating compact and extended regions. With regard to the reconciliation problem, it is evident that a scaling exponent consistent with a random coil is necessary but not sufficient to demonstrate random-coil behavior. Study holds ProTherm entries: 24178, 24179, 24180, 24181, 24182, 24183, 24184, 24185, 24186, 24187, 24188, 24189, 24190, 24191 Extra Details: denatured states; loop formation; random coil; scaling exponents; reconciliation problem

Submission Details

ID: 4jko8iB54

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:55 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Rao KS;Tzul FO;Christian AK;Gordon TN;Bowler BE,J. Mol. Biol. (2009) Thermodynamics of loop formation in the denatured state of rhodopseudomonas palustris cytochrome c': scaling exponents and the reconciliation problem. PMID:19647747
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