Stabilization of partially folded states of cytochrome c in aqueous surfactant: effects of ionic and hydrophobic interactions.


Abstract

The interaction of submicellar concentrations of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) with horse heart cytochrome c has been found to stabilize two spectroscopically distinct partially folded intermediates at pH 7. The first intermediate is formed by the interaction of SDS with native cytochrome c, and this intermediate retains the majority of the secondary structure while the tertiary structure of the protein is lost. The unfolding of this intermediate with urea leads to the formation of a second intermediate, which is also formed on refolding of the unfolded protein (unfolded by urea) by SDS. The second intermediate retains about 50% of the native secondary structure with no tertiary structure of the protein. The second intermediate was found to be absent at low pH. While induction of helical structure of a protein by SDS in the native condition has been reported earlier, this is possibly the first report of the refolding of a protein in a strongly denaturing condition (in the presence of 10 M urea). The relative contributions of the hydrophobic and the electrostatic interactions of the surfactants with cytochrome c have been determined from the formation of the molten globule species from the acid-induced unfolded protein in the presence of SDS or lauryl maltoside. Study holds ProTherm entries: 17484, 17485 Extra Details: Near-UV CD partially folded intermediate; secondary structure; helical structure; molten globule

Submission Details

ID: 4fMsXi5e3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:49 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Chattopadhyay K;Mazumdar S,Biochemistry (2003) Stabilization of partially folded states of cytochrome c in aqueous surfactant: effects of ionic and hydrophobic interactions. PMID:14661973
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1KTD 2002-01-15T00:00:00+0000 2.4 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF CLASS II MHC MOLECULE IEK BOUND TO PIGEON CYTOCHROME C PEPTIDE
2B4Z 2005-09-27T00:00:00+0000 1.5 Crystal structure of cytochrome C from bovine heart at 1.5 A resolution.
2YBB 2011-03-02T00:00:00+0000 19.0 Fitted model for bovine mitochondrial supercomplex I1III2IV1 by single particle cryo-EM (EMD-1876)
3J2T 2012-12-23T00:00:00+0000 9.5 An improved model of the human apoptosome
5C0Z 2015-06-12T00:00:00+0000 1.12 The structure of oxidized rat cytochrome c at 1.13 angstroms resolution
5C9M 2015-06-28T00:00:00+0000 1.36 The structure of oxidized rat cytochrome c (T28A) at 1.362 angstroms resolution.
5DF5 2015-08-26T00:00:00+0000 1.3 The structure of oxidized rat cytochrome c (T28E) at 1.30 angstroms resolution.
5JUY 2016-05-10T00:00:00+0000 4.1 Active human apoptosome with procaspase-9
6FF5 2018-01-03T00:00:00+0000 1.74 X-ray structure of bovine heart cytochrome c at high ionic strength
6N1O 2018-11-09T00:00:00+0000 1.55 Oxidized rat cytochrome c mutant (S47E)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.3 Cytochrome c P00021 CYC_COLLI
92.2 Cytochrome c P00020 CYC_ANAPL
92.3 Cytochrome c P81280 CYC_ALLMI
90.5 Cytochrome c Q52V10 CYC_SAISC
93.3 Cytochrome c P00012 CYC_MIRLE
93.3 Cytochrome c Q52V09 CYC_CEPBA
93.3 Cytochrome c P00013 CYC_MINSC
93.3 Cytochrome c P00014 CYC_MACGI
94.3 Cytochrome c P00011 CYC_CANLF
94.3 Cytochrome c P62898 CYC_RAT
94.3 Cytochrome c P00008 CYC_RABIT
94.3 Cytochrome c P62897 CYC_MOUSE
95.2 Cytochrome c P68098 CYC_LAMGU
95.2 Cytochrome c P68100 CYC_ESCRO
95.2 Cytochrome c P68099 CYC_CAMDR
94.3 Cytochrome c P00007 CYC_HIPAM
97.1 Cytochrome c P62896 CYC_SHEEP
97.1 Cytochrome c P62895 CYC_PIG
97.1 Cytochrome c P62894 CYC_BOVIN
99.0 Cytochrome c P68096 CYC_EQUBU
99.0 Cytochrome c P68097 CYC_EQUAS
100.0 Cytochrome c P00004 CYC_HORSE
90.3 Cytochrome c B4USV4 CYC_OTOGA