Stabilization of partially folded states of cytochrome c in aqueous surfactant: effects of ionic and hydrophobic interactions.


The interaction of submicellar concentrations of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) with horse heart cytochrome c has been found to stabilize two spectroscopically distinct partially folded intermediates at pH 7. The first intermediate is formed by the interaction of SDS with native cytochrome c, and this intermediate retains the majority of the secondary structure while the tertiary structure of the protein is lost. The unfolding of this intermediate with urea leads to the formation of a second intermediate, which is also formed on refolding of the unfolded protein (unfolded by urea) by SDS. The second intermediate retains about 50% of the native secondary structure with no tertiary structure of the protein. The second intermediate was found to be absent at low pH. While induction of helical structure of a protein by SDS in the native condition has been reported earlier, this is possibly the first report of the refolding of a protein in a strongly denaturing condition (in the presence of 10 M urea). The relative contributions of the hydrophobic and the electrostatic interactions of the surfactants with cytochrome c have been determined from the formation of the molten globule species from the acid-induced unfolded protein in the presence of SDS or lauryl maltoside. Study holds ProTherm entries: 17484, 17485 Extra Details: Near-UV CD partially folded intermediate; secondary structure; helical structure; molten globule

Submission Details

ID: 4fMsXi5e3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:49 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Chattopadhyay K;Mazumdar S,Biochemistry (2003) Stabilization of partially folded states of cytochrome c in aqueous surfactant: effects of ionic and hydrophobic interactions. PMID:14661973
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Cytochrome c P00004 CYC_HORSE
99.0 Cytochrome c P68097 CYC_EQUAS
99.0 Cytochrome c P68096 CYC_EQUBU
97.1 Cytochrome c P62894 CYC_BOVIN
97.1 Cytochrome c P62895 CYC_PIG
97.1 Cytochrome c P62896 CYC_SHEEP
94.3 Cytochrome c P00007 CYC_HIPAM
95.2 Cytochrome c P68099 CYC_CAMDR
95.2 Cytochrome c P68100 CYC_ESCRO
95.2 Cytochrome c P68098 CYC_LAMGU
94.3 Cytochrome c P62897 CYC_MOUSE
94.3 Cytochrome c P00008 CYC_RABIT
94.3 Cytochrome c P62898 CYC_RAT
94.3 Cytochrome c P00011 CYC_CANLF
93.3 Cytochrome c P00014 CYC_MACGI
93.3 Cytochrome c P00013 CYC_MINSC
93.3 Cytochrome c Q52V09 CYC_CEPBA
93.3 Cytochrome c P00012 CYC_MIRLE
90.5 Cytochrome c Q52V10 CYC_SAISC
92.3 Cytochrome c P81280 CYC_ALLMI
92.2 Cytochrome c P00020 CYC_ANAPL
91.3 Cytochrome c P00021 CYC_COLLI
90.3 Cytochrome c B4USV4 CYC_OTOGA