Temperature and guanidine hydrochloride dependence of the structural stability of ribonuclease T1.


Abstract

The thermal unfolding of ribonuclease T1 has been studied by high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry as a function of temperature, [GuHCl], and scanning rate. The destabilizing effect of GuHCl has revealed that the kinetics of the unfolding transition become extremely slow as the transition temperature decreases. At pH 5.3 and zero GuHCl, the unfolding transition is centered at 59.1 degrees C; upon increasing the GuHCl concentration, the transition occurs at lower temperatures and exhibits progressively slower kinetics; so, for example, at 3 M GuHCl, the transition temperature is 40.6 degrees C and is characterized by a time constant close to 10 min. Under all conditions studied (pH 5.3, pH 7.0, [GuHCl] < 3 M), the transition is thermodynamically reversible. The slow kinetics of the transition induce significant distortions in the shape of the transition profiles that can be mistakenly interpreted as deviations from a two-state mechanism. Determination of the thermodynamic parameters from the calorimetric data has required the development of an analytical formalism that explicitly includes the thermodynamics as well as the kinetics of the transition. Using this formalism, it is shown that a two-state slow-kinetics model is capable of accurately describing the structural stability of ribonuclease T1 as a function of temperature, GuHCl concentration, and scanning rate. Multidimensional analysis of the calorimetric data has been used to estimate the intrinsic thermodynamic parameters for protein stability, the interaction parameters with GuHCl, and the time constant for the unfolding transition and its temperature dependence. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4469 Extra Details: dH and dCp were measured at 25 degrees C scanning rate; two-state mechanism; structural stability;,thermodynamic parameters

Submission Details

ID: 49A7J66B3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Plaza del Pino IM;Pace CN;Freire E,Biochemistry (1992) Temperature and guanidine hydrochloride dependence of the structural stability of ribonuclease T1. PMID:1445858
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR