Temperature and guanidine hydrochloride dependence of the structural stability of ribonuclease T1.


Abstract

The thermal unfolding of ribonuclease T1 has been studied by high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry as a function of temperature, [GuHCl], and scanning rate. The destabilizing effect of GuHCl has revealed that the kinetics of the unfolding transition become extremely slow as the transition temperature decreases. At pH 5.3 and zero GuHCl, the unfolding transition is centered at 59.1 degrees C; upon increasing the GuHCl concentration, the transition occurs at lower temperatures and exhibits progressively slower kinetics; so, for example, at 3 M GuHCl, the transition temperature is 40.6 degrees C and is characterized by a time constant close to 10 min. Under all conditions studied (pH 5.3, pH 7.0, [GuHCl] < 3 M), the transition is thermodynamically reversible. The slow kinetics of the transition induce significant distortions in the shape of the transition profiles that can be mistakenly interpreted as deviations from a two-state mechanism. Determination of the thermodynamic parameters from the calorimetric data has required the development of an analytical formalism that explicitly includes the thermodynamics as well as the kinetics of the transition. Using this formalism, it is shown that a two-state slow-kinetics model is capable of accurately describing the structural stability of ribonuclease T1 as a function of temperature, GuHCl concentration, and scanning rate. Multidimensional analysis of the calorimetric data has been used to estimate the intrinsic thermodynamic parameters for protein stability, the interaction parameters with GuHCl, and the time constant for the unfolding transition and its temperature dependence. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4469 Extra Details: dH and dCp were measured at 25 degrees C scanning rate; two-state mechanism; structural stability;,thermodynamic parameters

Submission Details

ID: 49A7J66B3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Plaza del Pino IM;Pace CN;Freire E,Biochemistry (1992) Temperature and guanidine hydrochloride dependence of the structural stability of ribonuclease T1. PMID:1445858
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