Alanine point-mutations in the reactive region of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor: effects on the kinetics and thermodynamics of binding to beta-trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin.


Abstract

In an effort to relate structural, kinetic, and thermodynamic features in a model macromolecular recognition process, the amino acid residues in the reactive surface of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) and surrounding residues were substituted individually by alanine, and the effects of the point-mutations on the kinetics and thermodynamics of inhibition by BPTI toward trypsin and chymotrypsin were investigated. Fifteen alanine mutants were produced. The majority of the BPTI mutants exhibited a binding affinity similar to that of the wild-type protein. The exceptions were the primary specificity site (PI) mutant and those mutants that seem to have nonlocal perturbations of structure, as revealed by circular dichroism and thermostability measurements. The mutation at the P1 site caused a reduction in the binding free energy of 10 and 1.8 kcal mol-1 for trypsin and chymotrypsin, respectively. The losses in binding affinity were determined almost exclusively by an increase in the dissociation rate constant. However, the rate of association of the P1 mutant, Lys-15-Ala, with trypsin was also drastically reduced (> 200-fold). Calorimetric measurements of the heats of binding for the association of chymotrypsin with the wild-type inhibitor and its alanine mutants allowed determination of the relative contributions of the changes in enthalpy and entropy to the free energy of binding. Compensatory changes in the two parameters were observed in several cases, which were attributed to desolvation effects at the binding interface. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4846, 4847, 4848, 4849, 4850, 4851, 4852, 4853, 4854, 4855, 4856, 4857, 4858, 4859, 4860 Extra Details: alpha-chymotrypsin; alanine; binding affinity;,nonlocal perturbations; dissociation rate constant

Submission Details

ID: 46kqYc7L4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:27 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Castro MJ;Anderson S,Biochemistry (1996) Alanine point-mutations in the reactive region of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor: effects on the kinetics and thermodynamics of binding to beta-trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin. PMID:8784199
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1AAL 1992-04-09T00:00:00+0000 1.6 STRUCTURAL EFFECTS INDUCED BY MUTAGENESIS AFFECTED BY CRYSTAL PACKING FACTORS: THE STRUCTURE OF A 30-51 DISULFIDE MUTANT OF BASIC PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR
1B0C 1998-11-06T00:00:00+0000 2.8 EVIDENCE OF A COMMON DECAMER IN THREE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF BPTI, CRYSTALLIZED FROM THIOCYANATE, CHLORIDE OR SULFATE
1BHC 1998-06-05T00:00:00+0000 2.7 BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR CRYSTALLIZED FROM THIOCYANATE
1BPI 1995-02-18T00:00:00+0000 1.09 THE STRUCTURE OF BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR AT 125K: DEFINITION OF CARBOXYL-TERMINAL RESIDUES GLYCINE-57 AND ALANINE-58
1BPT 1991-12-11T00:00:00+0000 2.0 CREVICE-FORMING MUTANTS OF BPTI: CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF F22A, Y23A, N43G, AND F45A
1BRB 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 2.1 CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RAT ANIONIC TRYPSIN COMPLEXED WITH THE PROTEIN INHIBITORS APPI AND BPTI
1BTH 1996-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.3 STRUCTURE OF THROMBIN COMPLEXED WITH BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR
1BTI 1991-07-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CREVICE-FORMING MUTANTS IN THE RIGID CORE OF BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR: CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF F22A, Y23A, N43G, AND F45A
1BZ5 1998-11-05T00:00:00+0000 2.58 EVIDENCE OF A COMMON DECAMER IN THREE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF BPTI, CRYSTALLIZE FROM THIOCYANATE, CHLORIDE OR SULFATE
1BZX 1998-11-05T00:00:00+0000 2.1 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ANIONIC SALMON TRYPSIN IN COMPLEX WITH BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P04815 BPT2_BOVIN
100.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00974 BPT1_BOVIN
91.4 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00975 IBPS_BOVIN