Identifying the structural boundaries of independent folding domains in the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase, a beta/alpha barrel protein.


Abstract

Two equilibrium intermediates have previously been observed in the urea denaturation of the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase (alphaTS) from Escherichia coli, an eight-stranded beta/alpha barrel protein. In the current study, a series of amino-terminal fragments were characterized to probe the elementary folding units that may be in part responsible for this complex behavior. Stop-codon mutagenesis was used to produce eight fragments ranging in size from 105-214 residues and containing incremental elements of secondary structure. Equilibrium studies by circular dichroism indicate that all of these fragments are capable of adopting secondary structure. All except for the shortest fragment fold cooperatively. The addition of the fourth, sixth, and eighth beta-strands leads to distinct increases in structure, cooperativity, and/or stability, suggesting that folding involves the modular assembly of betaalphabeta supersecondary structural elements. One-dimensional NMR titrations at high concentrations of urea, probing the environment around His92, were also performed to test for the presence of residual structure in the fragments. All fragments that contained the first four betaalpha units of structure exhibited a cooperative unfolding transition at high concentrations of urea with significant but reduced stability relative to the full-length protein. These results suggest that the residual structure in alphaTS requires the participation of hydrophobic residues in multiple beta-strands that span the entire sequence. Study holds ProTherm entries: 6697, 6698, 6699, 6700, 6701, 6702, 6703, 6704, 6705, 6706, 6707, 6708, 6709, 6710, 6711 Extra Details: additive : K2EDTA(0.2 mM),alphaTS(1-214): amino-terminal residues 1 to 214 of the alpha,subunit of tryptophan synthase from Escherichia coli

Submission Details

ID: 42khc8nn3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:32 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Zitzewitz JA;Gualfetti PJ;Perkons IA;Wasta SA;Matthews CR,Protein Sci. (1999) Identifying the structural boundaries of independent folding domains in the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase, a beta/alpha barrel protein. PMID:10386870
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1XCF 2004-11-02 1.8 Crystal structure of P28L/Y173F tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli
1WQ5 2005-02-15 2.3 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli
1V7Y 2005-02-15 2.5 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli at room temperature
1XC4 2004-11-02 2.8 Crystal structure of wild-type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LS20 TRPA_ESCF3
97.8 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7NVN0 TRPA_ECO7I
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1LH32 TRPA_ECOSM
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7N473 TRPA_ECOLU
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0TIB0 TRPA_ECOL5
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7MU99 TRPA_ECO81
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7UR66 TRPA_ECO27
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q1RCA7 TRPA_ECOUT
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A1AAN0 TRPA_ECOK1
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7ML76 TRPA_ECO45
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B5YZP0 TRPA_ECO5E
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8X7B5 TRPA_ECO57
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q32GT0 TRPA_SHIDS
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q3Z108 TRPA_SHISS
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0T5D6 TRPA_SHIF8
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q31ZV3 TRPA_SHIBS
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8FHW0 TRPA_ECOL6
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B2U0F1 TRPA_SHIB3
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZL78 TRPA_ECO24
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7L492 TRPA_ECO55
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B6I9X4 TRPA_ECOSE
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LY16 TRPA_ECO8A
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A878 TRPA_SHIFL
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A877 TRPA_ECOLI
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1ITJ5 TRPA_ECOLC
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZZJ6 TRPA_ECOHS
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1XBK9 TRPA_ECODH
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain C4ZTV3 TRPA_ECOBW