Intestinal fatty acid binding protein: a specific residue in one turn appears to stabilize the native structure and be responsible for slow refolding.


Abstract

The intestinal fatty acid binding protein is one of a class of proteins that are primarily beta-sheet and contain a large interior cavity into which ligands bind. A highly conserved region of the protein exists between two adjacent antiparallel strands (denoted as D and E in the structure) that are not within hydrogen bonding distance. A series of single, double, and triple mutations have been constructed in the turn between these two strands. In the wild-type protein, this region has the sequence Leu 64/Gly 65/Val 66. Replacing Leu 64 with either Ala or Gly decreases the stability and the midpoint of the denaturation curve somewhat, whereas mutations at Gly 65 affect the stability slightly, but the protein folds at a rate similar to wild-type and binds oleate. Val 66 appears not to play an important role in maintaining stability. All double or triple mutations that include mutation of Leu 64 result in a large and almost identical loss of stability from the wild-type. As an example of the triple mutants, we investigated the properties of the Leu 64 Ser/Gly 65 Ala/Val 66 Asn mutant. As measured by the change in intrinsic fluorescence, this mutant (and similar triple mutants lacking leucine at position 64) folds much more rapidly than wild-type. The mutant, and others that lack Leu 64, have far-UV CD spectra similar to wild-type, but a different near-UV CD spectrum. The folded form of the protein binds oleate, although less tightly than wild-type. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange studies using electrospray mass spectrometry indicate many more rapidly exchangeable amide protons in the Leu 64 Ser/Gly 65 Ala/Val 66 Asn mutant. We propose that there is a loss of defined structure in the region of the protein near the turn defined by the D and E strands and that the interaction of Leu 64 with other hydrophobic residues located nearby may be responsible for (1) the slow step in the refolding process and (2) the final stabilization of the structure. We suggest the possibility that this region of the protein may be involved in both an early and late step in refolding. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3588, 3589, 3590, 3591, 3592, 3593, 3594, 3595, 3596, 3597, 3598, 3599, 3600, 3601, 3602 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.25 mM), fatty acid binding; folding intermediate;,hydrogen/deuterium exchange

Submission Details

ID: 3rrht6BY3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:22 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kim K;Ramanathan R;Frieden C,Protein Sci. (1997) Intestinal fatty acid binding protein: a specific residue in one turn appears to stabilize the native structure and be responsible for slow refolding. PMID:9041638
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1AEL 1997-04-01 NMR STRUCTURE OF APO INTESTINAL FATTY ACID-BINDING PROTEIN, 20 STRUCTURES
1T8V 2005-10-04 The NMR structure of d34a i-fabp: implications for the determinants of ligand binding stoichiometry
1A57 1998-05-27 THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF A HELIX-LESS VARIANT OF INTESTINAL FATTY ACID BINDING PROTEIN, NMR, 20 STRUCTURES
1SA8 2004-06-08 THE NMR STRUCTURE OF A STABLE AND COMPACT ALL-beta-SHEET VARIANT OF INTESTINAL FATTY ACID-BINDING PROTEIN
1URE 1997-03-12 NMR STRUCTURE OF INTESTINAL FATTY ACID-BINDING PROTEIN COMPLEXED WITH PALMITATE, 20 STRUCTURES
1IFC 1994-01-31 1.19 REFINEMENT OF THE STRUCTURE OF RECOMBINANT RAT INTESTINAL FATTY ACID-BINDING APOPROTEIN AT 1.2 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1ICM 1994-01-31 1.5 ESCHERICHIA COLI-DERIVED RAT INTESTINAL FATTY ACID BINDING PROTEIN WITH BOUND MYRISTATE AT 1.5 A RESOLUTION AND I-FABPARG106-->GLN WITH BOUND OLEATE AT 1.74 A RESOLUTION
3AKN 2011-07-20 1.6 X-ray structure of iFABP from human and rat with bound fluorescent fatty acid analogue
1ICN 1994-01-31 1.74 ESCHERICHIA COLI-DERIVED RAT INTESTINAL FATTY ACID BINDING PROTEIN WITH BOUND MYRISTATE AT 1.5 A RESOLUTION AND I-FABPARG106-->GLN WITH BOUND OLEATE AT 1.74 A RESOLUTION
1IFB 1992-01-15 1.96 REFINED APOPROTEIN STRUCTURE OF RAT INTESTINAL FATTY ACID BINDING PROTEIN PRODUCED IN ESCHERICHIA COLI
2IFB 1992-01-15 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RAT INTESTINAL FATTY-ACID-BINDING PROTEIN. REFINEMENT AND ANALYSIS OF THE ESCHERICHIA COLI-DRIVED PROTEIN WITH BOUND PALMITATE
1DC9 2000-03-20 2.1 PROPERTIES AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A BETA-BARREL FOLDING MUTANT, V60N INTESTINAL FATTY ACID BINDING PROTEIN (IFABP)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Fatty acid-binding protein, brain P51880 FABP7_MOUSE
100.0 Fatty acid-binding protein, brain P55051 FABP7_RAT
92.4 Fatty acid-binding protein, intestinal P55050 FABPI_MOUSE
100.0 Fatty acid-binding protein, intestinal P02693 FABPI_RAT