Both the Ca2+-bound and Ca2+-free forms of alpha-lactalbumin can assume essentially the same folded conformation as evidenced by similarity in their CD and proton n.m.r. spectra. Thermal unfolding followed by the aromatic CD has shown that the stability of the folded state is markedly enhanced by Ca2+ and that the stabilization is almost entirely entropic; addition of 0.1 mM Ca2+ shifts the transition temperature from 40 degrees to 62 degrees in 0.1M Na+ at pH 7.0. The enthalpy change of the unfolding, coincident between the two forms, is, however, significantly smaller than that known for lysozyme. The n.m.r. spectrum under the condition that both the forms of the protein are in the folded state reflects minor environmental changes of certain protons upon Ca2+ binding, and these changes are shown to afford useful probes for assessment of the location of the binding site. From the pH dependence and temperature dependence of the spectrum and also by using spin decoupling in the aromatic region (6.4-8.7 p.p.m.), it is shown that none of histidyl residues are affected and that at least two tryptophanyl ring protons experience environmental changes upon Ca2+ binding to the folded apo-protein. Effect of free excess Ca2+ on the spectrum has also shown that in native alpha-lactalbumin there is only one Ca2+-binding site that is detectable by the present method. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10111 Extra Details: alfa-lactalbumin; Ca2+ binding; CD spectrum; n.m.r. spectrum;,thermal unfolding
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.
|Number of data points||3|
|Proteins||Alpha-lactalbumin ; Alpha-lactalbumin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dCp ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: dHvH|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MEQLTKCEVFRELKDLKGYGGVSLPEWVCTTFHTSGYDTQAIVQNNDSTEYGLFQINNKIWCKDDQNPHSSNICNISCDKFLDDDLTDDIVCVKKILDKVGINYWLAHKALCSEKLDQWLCEKL|